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radish

[rad-ish] /ˈræd ɪʃ/
noun
1.
the crisp, pungent, edible root of the plant, Raphanus sativus, of the mustard family, usually eaten raw.
2.
the plant itself.
Origin
late Middle English
1000
before 1000; late Middle English radish(e), variant (compare Old French radise, variant of radice) of Middle English radich(e), Old English rǣdic < Latin rādīc- (stem of rādīx root1); compare Old High German rātih, German Rettich
Related forms
radishlike, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for radishlike

radish

/ˈrædɪʃ/
noun
1.
any of various plants of the genus Raphanus, esp R. sativus of Europe and Asia, cultivated for its edible root: family Brassicaceae (crucifers)
2.
the root of this plant, which has a pungent taste and is eaten raw in salads
3.
wild radish, another name for white charlock See charlock (sense 2)
Word Origin
Old English rǣdīc, from Latin rādīx root
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for radishlike

radish

n.

late Old English rædic "radish," from Latin radicem (nominative radix) "root, radish," from PIE root *wrad- "twig, root" (cf. Greek rhiza, Lesbian brisda "root;" Greek hradamnos "branch;" Gothic waurts, Old English wyrt; Welsh gwridd, Old Irish fren "root"). Spelling perhaps influenced by Old French radise, variant of radice, from Vulgar Latin *radicina, from radicem.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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