city, eastern Karnataka (formerly Mysore) state, southern India. It contains a palace-citadel (1294) and fort (c. 1300) built on a hill 290 feet (88 m) above the surrounding plain. In 1489 Raichur became the first capital of the independent kingdom of Bijapur. It is now a commercial centre on the Central Railway; products include oilseeds, cotton, and soap. Its college of commerce and Laxmi Venkatesh Desai College are affiliated with Karnatak University in Dharwar. Pop. (1991 prelim.) 157,477.
Learn more about Raichur with a free trial on Britannica.com.