rail at

rail

2 [reyl]
verb (used without object)
1.
to utter bitter complaint or vehement denunciation (often followed by at or against ): to rail at fate.
verb (used with object)
2.
to bring, force, etc., by railing.

Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English railen < Middle French railler to deride < Provençal ralhar to chatter < Vulgar Latin *ragulāre, derivative of Late Latin ragere to bray

railer, noun
railingly, adverb


1. fulminate, inveigh, castigate, rant, revile.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
rail1 (reɪl)
 
n
1.  a horizontal bar of wood, metal, etc, supported by vertical posts, functioning as a fence, barrier, handrail, etc
2.  a horizontal bar fixed to a wall on which to hang things: a picture rail
3.  Compare stile a horizontal framing member in a door or piece of panelling
4.  short for railing
5.  one of a pair of parallel bars laid on a prepared track, roadway, etc, that serve as a guide and running surface for the wheels of a railway train, tramcar, etc
6.  a.  short for railway
 b.  (as modifier): rail transport
7.  nautical a trim for finishing the top of a bulwark
8.  off the rails
 a.  into or in a state of dysfunction or disorder
 b.  eccentric or mad
 
vb (usually foll by in or off)
9.  to provide with a rail or railings
10.  to fence (an area) with rails
 
[C13: from Old French raille rod, from Latin rēgula ruler, straight piece of wood]
 
'railless1
 
adj

rail2 (reɪl)
 
vb
(intr; foll by at or against) to complain bitterly or vehemently: to rail against fate
 
[C15: from Old French railler to mock, from Old Provençal ralhar to chatter, joke, from Late Latin ragere to yell, neigh]
 
'railer2
 
n

rail3 (reɪl)
 
n
any of various small wading birds of the genus Rallus and related genera: family Rallidae, order Gruiformes (cranes, etc). They have short wings, long legs, and dark plumage
 
[C15: from Old French raale, perhaps from Latin rādere to scrape]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

rail
"bar," c.1320, from O.Fr. reille, from V.L. *regla, from L. regula "straight stick," dim. form related to regere "to straighten, guide" (see right). Used figuratively for "thinness" from 1872. Technically, railings (1471) are horizontal, palings are vertical.

rail
"small bird," mid-15c., from O.Fr. raale (13c.), related to râler "to rattle," of unknown origin, perhaps imitative.

rail
"complain," 1460, from M.Fr. railler "to tease or joke" (15c.), perhaps from O.Prov. ralhar "scoff, to chat, to joke," from V.L. *ragulare "to bray" (cf. It. ragghiare "to bray"), from L.L. ragere "to roar," probably of imitative origin. See rally (2). Raillery "good-humored ridicule" is from 1653.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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