a grape of any of various sweet varieties dried in the sun or by artificial means, often used in cookery.
dark purplish blue.

1350–1400; Middle English raisin, reisin < Old French < Vulgar Latin *racīmus, for Latin racēmus raceme

raisiny, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
raisin (ˈreɪzən)
a dried grape
[C13: from Old French: grape, ultimately from Latin racēmus cluster of grapes; compare Greek rhax berry, grape]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from Anglo-Fr. raycin (1278), O.Fr. raisin "grape, raisin," from V.L. *racimus, alteration of L. racemus "cluster of grapes or berries," probably from the same ancient lost Mediterranean language as Gk. rhax (gen. rhagos) "grape, berry."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Raisins definition

dried grapes; mentioned 1 Sam. 25:18; 30:12; 2 Sam. 16:1; 1 Chr. 12:40.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Variations may also include blueberries, raisins, nuts or other ingredients.
Raisins contain antioxidants, which may have helped mask the rancid flavor of
  spoiling meat in the days before refrigeration.
Place peaches and raisins in the pan and push down between the bread pieces.
Be sure you can't see any of the raisins on top or they will burn while the
  pudding is baking.
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