town in the West Bank, adjacent to the town of Al-Birah (east) and north of Jerusalem. Administered as part of the British mandate of Palestine (1920-48), Ramallah was part of the West Bank territory taken by Arab forces in the first of the Arab-Israeli wars (1948-49) and subsequently annexed by Jordan. After the Six-Day War of 1967, Ramallah was under Israeli control as part of the occupied West Bank territory until coming under the administration of the Palestinian Authority (PA) in the wake of the 1993 Oslo Accords; it later became the centre of PA administration in the West Bank. As an ancient settlement, Ramallah has buildings incorporating masonry from the time of Herod the Great (reigned 37-4 BCE), but no complete structure antedates the Crusades of the 11th century CE.
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