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city, north-central Chile. It lies in the Andean foothills along the Cachapoal River, south of Santiago. Founded as Villa Santa Cruz de Triana by Jose Antonio Manso de Velasco in 1743, the city was later renamed Rancagua. The Battle of Rancagua (Oct. 2, 1814), in which Bernardo O'Higgins's republican troops were defeated by Spanish royalist forces after a heroic defense of the city, was one of the major engagements of the Chilean struggle for independence