rapid transit

a system of public transportation in a metropolitan area, usually a subway or elevated train system.
Compare mass transit.

1870–75, Americanism

rapid-transit, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Britannica

rapid transit

system of railways, usually electric, that is used for local transit in a metropolitan area. A rapid transit line may run underground (subway), above street level (elevated transit line), or at street level. Rapid transit is distinguished from other forms of mass transit by its operation on exclusive right-of-way, with no access for other vehicles or for pedestrians. See elevated transit line; mass transit; subway.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
It is all made possible by the bus rapid transit system his administration
  helped launch.
The convenience of rapid transit over distance comes with a price tag.
Use some of the right of way to create bus rapid transit, light rail, and
  bicycle corridors to serve and link these hubs.
They will be building new rapid transit over the next few years.
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