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raspberry

[raz-ber-ee, -buh-ree, rahz-] /ˈræzˌbɛr i, -bə ri, ˈrɑz-/
noun, plural raspberries.
1.
the fruit of any of several shrubs belonging to the genus Rubus, of the rose family, consisting of small and juicy red, black, or pale yellow drupelets forming a detachable cap about a convex receptacle.
2.
any shrub bearing this fruit.
3.
a dark reddish-purple color.
4.
Informal.
  1. Bronx cheer.
  2. any sign or expression of dislike or derision.
Origin
1615-1625
1615-25; earlier rasp(is) raspberry (< ?) + berry; (def 4) by shortening of raspberry tart, rhyming slang for fart
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for rasp-berry

raspberry

/ˈrɑːzbərɪ; -brɪ/
noun (pl) -ries
1.
any of the prickly shrubs of the rosaceous genus Rubus, such as R. strigosus of E North America and R. idaeus of Europe, that have pinkish-white flowers and typically red berry-like fruits (drupelets) See also bramble
2.
  1. the fruit of any such plant
  2. (as modifier) raspberry jelly
3.
black raspberry, Popular name blackcap
  1. a related plant, Rubus occidentalis, of E North America, that has black berry-like fruits
  2. the fruit of this plant
4.
  1. a dark purplish-red colour
  2. (as adjective) a raspberry dress
5.
a spluttering noise made with the tongue and lips to express contempt (esp in the phrase blow a raspberry)
Word Origin
C17: from earlier raspis raspberry, of unknown origin + berry: C19 in sense 5, from rhyming slang raspberry tart fart
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for rasp-berry
raspberry
1623, earlier raspis berry (1548), possibly from raspise "a sweet rose-colored wine" (c.1460), from Anglo-L. vinum raspeys, origin uncertain, as is the connection between this and O.Fr. raspe, M.L. raspecia, raspeium, also meaning "raspberry." One suggestion is via Old Walloon raspoie "thicket," of Gmc. origin. Meaning "rude sound" (1890) is shortening of raspberry tart, rhyming slang for fart.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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6
7
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