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raven1

[rey-vuh n] /ˈreɪ vən/
noun
1.
any of several large, corvine birds having lustrous, black plumage and a loud, harsh call, especially Corvus corax, of the New and Old Worlds.
2.
the divine culture hero and trickster of the North Pacific Coast Indians.
3.
(initial capital letter) Astronomy. the constellation Corvus.
adjective
4.
lustrous black:
raven locks of hair.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English hrǣfn; cognate with German Rabe, Old Norse hrafn
Related forms
ravenlike, adjective

raven2

[rav-uh n] /ˈræv ən/
verb (used without object)
1.
to seek plunder or prey.
2.
to eat or feed voraciously or greedily:
to raven like an animal.
3.
to have a ravenous appetite.
verb (used with object)
4.
to seize as spoil or prey.
5.
to devour voraciously.
noun
6.
rapine; robbery.
7.
plunder or prey.
Also, ravin.
Origin
1485-95; earlier ravine < Middle French raviner, ultimately < Latin rapīna rapine

Raven, The

noun
1.
a lyric poem (1845) by Edgar Allan Poe.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for raven
  • One of the birds that the trainers worked with, but was too unpredictable to be on stage, was a raven.
  • While they were discoursing together, a raven flew towards them, and dropped a loaf of bread before them.
  • The verdict acquits the raven, but condemns the dove.
  • Her hair was blacker than a raven, and every feature of her face in perfection.
  • The missives were coded in case an archer should shoot down a raven in flight for his meal and discover the secret message.
  • Increased raven populations in the desert have resulted in artificially high predation rates on small tortoises.
British Dictionary definitions for raven

raven1

/ˈreɪvən/
noun
1.
a large passerine bird, Corvus corax, having a large straight bill, long wedge-shaped tail, and black plumage: family Corvidae (crows). It has a hoarse croaking cry
2.
  1. a shiny black colour
  2. (as adjective) raven hair
Word Origin
Old English hrǣfn; related to Old High German hraban, Old Norse hrafn

raven2

/ˈrævən/
verb
1.
to seize or seek (plunder, prey, etc)
2.
to eat (something) voraciously or greedily; be ravenous in eating
Derived Forms
ravener, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French raviner to attack impetuously; see ravenous

Raven

/ˈreɪvən/
noun
1.
a traditional trickster hero among the native peoples of the Canadian Pacific Northwest
Word Origin
from raven1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for raven
raven
O.E. hræfn (Mercian), hrefn; hræfn (Northumbrian, W.Saxon), from P.Gmc. *khrabanas (cf. O.N. hrafn, Dan. ravn, Du. raaf, O.H.G. hraban, Ger. Rabe "raven," O.E. hroc "rook"), from PIE base *qer-, *qor-, imitative of harsh sounds (cf. L. crepare "to creak, clatter," cornix "crow," corvus "raven;" Gk. korax "raven," korone "crow;" O.C.S. kruku "raven;" Lith. krauklys "crow").
"The common raven is easily tamed, but is mischievous and thievish, and has been popularly regarded as a bird of evil omen and mysterious character." [OED]
O.E. also used hræmn, hremm. The raven standard was the flag of the Danish Vikings.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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raven in the Bible

Heb. 'orebh, from a root meaning "to be black" (comp. Cant. 5:11); first mentioned as "sent forth" by Noah from the ark (Gen. 8:7). "Every raven after his kind" was forbidden as food (Lev. 11:15; Deut. 14:14). Ravens feed mostly on carrion, and hence their food is procured with difficulty (Job 38:41; Ps. 147:9). When they attack kids or lambs or weak animals, it is said that they first pick out the eyes of their victims (Prov. 30:17). When Elijah was concealed by the brook Cherith, God commanded the ravens to bring him "bread and flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening" (1 Kings 17:3-6). (See ELIJAH.) There are eight species of ravens in Palestine, and they are everywhere very numerous in that land.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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