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raw

[raw] /rɔ/
adjective, rawer, rawest.
1.
uncooked, as articles of food:
a raw carrot.
2.
not having undergone processes of preparing, dressing, finishing, refining, or manufacture:
raw cotton.
3.
unnaturally or painfully exposed, as flesh, by removal of the skin or natural integument.
4.
painfully open, as a sore or wound.
5.
crude in quality or character; not tempered or refined by art or taste:
raw humor.
6.
ignorant, inexperienced, or untrained:
a raw recruit.
7.
brutally or grossly frank:
a raw portrayal of human passions.
8.
brutally harsh or unfair:
a raw deal; receiving raw treatment from his friends.
9.
disagreeably damp and chilly, as the weather or air:
a raw, foggy day at the beach.
10.
not diluted, as alcoholic spirits:
raw whiskey.
11.
unprocessed or unevaluated:
raw data.
noun
12.
a sore or irritated place, as on the flesh.
13.
unrefined sugar, oil, etc.
Idioms
14.
in the raw,
  1. in the natural, uncultivated, or unrefined state:
    nature in the raw.
  2. Informal. in the nude; naked:
    sunbathing in the raw.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English; Old English hrēaw, hrǣw; cognate with Dutch rauw, German roh; akin to Latin crūdus raw (see crude), cruor blood, Greek kréas raw flesh
Related forms
rawish, adjective
rawishness, noun
rawly, adverb
rawness, noun
half-raw, adjective
semiraw, adjective
semirawly, adverb
semirawness, noun
Synonyms
2. unprepared, rough, makeshift. Raw, crude, rude refer to something not in a finished or highly refined state. Raw applies particularly to material not yet changed by a process, by manufacture, or by preparation for consumption: raw cotton; raw leather. Crude refers to that which still needs refining: crude petroleum. Rude refers to what is still in a condition of rough simplicity or in a makeshift or roughly made form: rude agricultural implements; the rude bridge that arched the flood. 6. undisciplined, green, unskilled, unpracticed. 9. cold, wet. 10. straight, neat.
Antonyms
1. cooked.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for raw
  • But if you add crumbs to the raw meat, it will stay moist when safely cooked.
  • And purple-podded beans hold their color when sliced raw for salad but turn dark green when cooked.
  • Peel off the rough brown skin and eat the white flesh raw or cooked add to my plant list.
  • It's delicious both raw and cooked, and does best in cool weather.
  • Also, our gut is not set up for processing raw items as effectively as cooked food.
  • Our version of the standard green salad is an airy stack of tender butter lettuce leaves with raw and cooked vegetables.
  • Oils may have have a slightly bitter flavor, reminiscent of raw artichokes, but they shouldn't be harsh.
  • Tomatoes were relegated to quick-cooked or outright raw sauces.
  • To my surprise, some of the peer commentaries were dismissive of the idea that cooked food provides more energy than raw.
  • In these parts of the world, they are eaten raw and cooked and used to make beverages.
British Dictionary definitions for raw

raw

/rɔː/
adjective
1.
(of food) not cooked raw onion
2.
(prenominal) in an unfinished, natural, or unrefined state; not treated by manufacturing or other processes raw materials for making steel, raw brick
3.
(of an edge of material) unhemmed; liable to fray
4.
(of the skin, a wound, etc) having the surface exposed or abraded, esp painfully
5.
ignorant, inexperienced, or immature a raw recruit
6.
(prenominal) not selected or modified raw statistics
7.
frank or realistic a raw picture of the breakdown of a marriage
8.
(of spirits) undiluted
9.
(mainly US) coarse, vulgar, or obscene
10.
(mainly US) recently done; fresh raw paintwork
11.
(of the weather) harshly cold and damp
12.
(informal) unfair; unjust (esp in the phrase a raw deal)
noun
13.
(Brit, informal) the raw, a sensitive point his criticism touched me on the raw
14.
in the raw
  1. (informal) without clothes; naked
  2. in a natural or unmodified state life in the raw
Derived Forms
rawish, adjective
rawly, adverb
rawness, noun
Word Origin
Old English hreaw; related to Old High German hrao, Old Norse hrār raw, Latin cruor thick blood, Greek kreas meat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for raw
raw
O.E. hreaw "uncooked, raw," from P.Gmc. *khrawaz (cf. O.N. hrar, M.Du. rau, O.H.G. hrawer, Ger. roh), from PIE base *krowos "congealed, bloody" (cf. Skt. kravih "raw flesh," krura- "bloody, raw, hard;" Gk. kreas "flesh;" L. crudus "not cooked," cruor "thick blood;" O.Ir. cru, Lith. kraujas, O.C.S. kruvi "blood;" O.E. hrot "thick fluid, serum"). Meaning "tender, sore" is from c.1390; of persons, "inexperienced" from 1561; "damp and chilly" first recorded 1546. Rawhide is first attested 1658; raw material is from 1796. Phrase in the raw "naked" (1933) is from the raw "exposed flesh," attested from 1823. Raw deal "harsh treatment" first attested 1912.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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raw in Medicine

raw (rô)
adj. raw·er, raw·est

  1. Having subcutaneous tissue exposed.

  2. Inflamed; sore.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for raw

raw

adjective
  1. Inexperienced; unfledged; callow: a raw young actress (1561+)
  2. Harsh; inhospitable: a raw reception (1546+)
  3. Nude; naked; in the raw: You can't go raw on this beach, ma'am (1931+)
  4. Vulgar; salacious; dirty; raunchy: He offended us all with a very raw story (1940s+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with raw
In addition to the idiom beginning with raw also see: in the altogether (raw)
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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