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raw

[raw] /rɔ/
adjective, rawer, rawest.
1.
uncooked, as articles of food:
a raw carrot.
2.
not having undergone processes of preparing, dressing, finishing, refining, or manufacture:
raw cotton.
3.
unnaturally or painfully exposed, as flesh, by removal of the skin or natural integument.
4.
painfully open, as a sore or wound.
5.
crude in quality or character; not tempered or refined by art or taste:
raw humor.
6.
ignorant, inexperienced, or untrained:
a raw recruit.
7.
brutally or grossly frank:
a raw portrayal of human passions.
8.
brutally harsh or unfair:
a raw deal; receiving raw treatment from his friends.
9.
disagreeably damp and chilly, as the weather or air:
a raw, foggy day at the beach.
10.
not diluted, as alcoholic spirits:
raw whiskey.
11.
unprocessed or unevaluated:
raw data.
noun
12.
a sore or irritated place, as on the flesh.
13.
unrefined sugar, oil, etc.
Idioms
14.
in the raw,
  1. in the natural, uncultivated, or unrefined state:
    nature in the raw.
  2. Informal. in the nude; naked:
    sunbathing in the raw.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English; Old English hrēaw, hrǣw; cognate with Dutch rauw, German roh; akin to Latin crūdus raw (see crude), cruor blood, Greek kréas raw flesh
Related forms
rawish, adjective
rawishness, noun
rawly, adverb
rawness, noun
half-raw, adjective
semiraw, adjective
semirawly, adverb
semirawness, noun
Synonyms
2. unprepared, rough, makeshift. Raw, crude, rude refer to something not in a finished or highly refined state. Raw applies particularly to material not yet changed by a process, by manufacture, or by preparation for consumption: raw cotton; raw leather. Crude refers to that which still needs refining: crude petroleum. Rude refers to what is still in a condition of rough simplicity or in a makeshift or roughly made form: rude agricultural implements; the rude bridge that arched the flood. 6. undisciplined, green, unskilled, unpracticed. 9. cold, wet. 10. straight, neat.
Antonyms
1. cooked.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for rawest

raw

/rɔː/
adjective
1.
(of food) not cooked: raw onion
2.
(prenominal) in an unfinished, natural, or unrefined state; not treated by manufacturing or other processes: raw materials for making steel, raw brick
3.
(of an edge of material) unhemmed; liable to fray
4.
(of the skin, a wound, etc) having the surface exposed or abraded, esp painfully
5.
ignorant, inexperienced, or immature: a raw recruit
6.
(prenominal) not selected or modified: raw statistics
7.
frank or realistic: a raw picture of the breakdown of a marriage
8.
(of spirits) undiluted
9.
(mainly US) coarse, vulgar, or obscene
10.
(mainly US) recently done; fresh: raw paintwork
11.
(of the weather) harshly cold and damp
12.
(informal) unfair; unjust (esp in the phrase a raw deal)
noun
13.
(Brit, informal) the raw, a sensitive point: his criticism touched me on the raw
14.
in the raw
  1. (informal) without clothes; naked
  2. in a natural or unmodified state: life in the raw
Derived Forms
rawish, adjective
rawly, adverb
rawness, noun
Word Origin
Old English hreaw; related to Old High German hrao, Old Norse hrār raw, Latin cruor thick blood, Greek kreas meat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for rawest

raw

adj.

Old English hreaw "uncooked, raw," from Proto-Germanic *khrawaz (cf. Old Norse hrar, Danish raa, Old Saxon hra, Middle Dutch rau, Dutch rauw, Old High German hrawer, German roh), from PIE root *kreue- (1) "raw flesh" (cf. Sanskrit kravih "raw flesh," krura- "bloody, raw, hard;" Greek kreas "flesh;" Latin crudus "not cooked," cruor "thick blood;" Old Irish cru, Lithuanian kraujas, Old Church Slavonic kruvi "blood;" Old English hrot "thick fluid, serum").

Meaning "tender, sore" is from late 14c.; of persons, "inexperienced" from 1560s; of weather, "damp and chilly" first recorded 1540s. Related: Rawly; rawness. Raw material is from 1796, with sense of "in a rudimental condition, unfinished." Phrase in the raw "naked" (1921) is from the raw "exposed flesh," attested from 1823. Raw deal "harsh treatment" attested by 1893.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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rawest in Medicine

raw (rô)
adj. raw·er, raw·est

  1. Having subcutaneous tissue exposed.

  2. Inflamed; sore.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for rawest

raw

adjective
  1. Inexperienced; unfledged; callow: a raw young actress (1561+)
  2. Harsh; inhospitable: a raw reception (1546+)
  3. Nude; naked; in the raw: You can't go raw on this beach, ma'am (1931+)
  4. Vulgar; salacious; dirty; raunchy: He offended us all with a very raw story (1940s+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with rawest

raw

In addition to the idiom beginning with raw also see: in the altogether (raw)
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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