re jail

jail

[jeyl]
noun
1.
a prison, especially one for the detention of persons awaiting trial or convicted of minor offenses.
verb (used with object)
2.
to take into or hold in lawful custody; imprison.
Also, British, gaol.


Origin:
1225–75; Middle English gaiole, jaiole, jaile < Old North French gaiole, Old French jaiole cage < Vulgar Latin *gaviola, variant of *caveola, diminutive of Latin cavea cage; see -ole1

jailable, adjective
jailless, adjective
jaillike, adjective
nonjailable, adjective
rejail, verb (used with object)
unjailed, adjective

jail, prison.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
jail or gaol (dʒeɪl)
 
n
1.  a place for the confinement of persons convicted and sentenced to imprisonment or of persons awaiting trial to whom bail is not granted
2.  informal get out of jail, get out of jail free to get out of a difficult situation
 
vb
3.  (tr) to confine in prison
 
[C13: from Old French jaiole cage, from Vulgar Latin caveola (unattested), from Latin cavea enclosure; see cage: the two spellings derive from the forms of the word that developed in two different areas of France, and the spelling gaol represents a pronunciation in use until the 17th century]
 
gaol or gaol
 
n
 
vb
 
[C13: from Old French jaiole cage, from Vulgar Latin caveola (unattested), from Latin cavea enclosure; see cage: the two spellings derive from the forms of the word that developed in two different areas of France, and the spelling gaol represents a pronunciation in use until the 17th century]
 
'jailless or gaol
 
adj
 
'gaolless or gaol
 
adj
 
'jail-like or gaol
 
adj
 
'gaol-like or gaol
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

jail
c.1275, gayhol, from O.N.Fr. gaiole and O.Fr. jaole, both meaning "a cage, prison," from M.L. gabiola, from L.L. caveola, dim. of L. cavea "cage." Both forms carried into M.E.; now pronounced "jail" however it is spelled. Norman-derived gaol (preferred in Britain) is "chiefly due to statutory and official
tradition" [OED]. The verb "to put in jail" is from 1604. Jailbird is 1603, an allusion to a caged bird. Jail-break "prison escape" is from 1910. Jail bait "girl under the legal age of consent" is attested from 1934.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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