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[ri-trak-shuh n] /rɪˈtræk ʃən/
the act of retracting or the state of being retracted.
withdrawal of a promise, statement, opinion, etc.:
His retraction of the libel came too late.
retractile power.
1350-1400; Middle English retraccioun < Latin retractiōn- (stem of retractiō), equivalent to Latin retract(us) (see retract1) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
nonretraction, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for re traction



late 14c., "withdrawal of an opinion," from Latin retractionem (nominative retractio) "a drawing back, hesitation, refusal," noun of action from past participle stem of retractare "revoke, cancel," from re- "back" (see re-) + tractere "draw violently," frequentative of trahere "to draw" (see tract (n.1)). Originally the title of a book by St. Augustine correcting his former writings. Meaning "recantation of opinion with admission of error" is from 1540s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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re traction in Medicine

retraction re·trac·tion (rĭ-trāk'shən)

  1. The act of drawing back or in; shrinking.

  2. The act of pulling apart, usually as part of a surgical procedure.

  3. The posterior movement of teeth, usually with the aid of an orthodontic appliance.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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