re-cognizance

recognizance

[ri-kog-nuh-zuhns, -kon-uh-]
noun
1.
Law.
a.
a bond or obligation of record entered into before a court of record or a magistrate, binding a person to do a particular act.
b.
the sum pledged as surety on such a bond.
2.
Archaic. recognition.
3.
Archaic. a token; badge.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English reconissaunce, recognisance < Old French reconuissance. See recognize, -ance

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World English Dictionary
recognizance or recognisance (rɪˈkɒɡnɪzəns)
 
n
1.  law
 a.  a bond entered into before a court or magistrate by which a person binds himself to do a specified act, as to appear in court on a stated day, keep the peace, or pay a debt
 b.  a monetary sum pledged to the performance of such an act
2.  an obsolete word for recognition
 
[C14: from Old French reconoissance, from reconoistre to recognize]
 
recognisance or recognisance
 
n
 
[C14: from Old French reconoissance, from reconoistre to recognize]
 
re'cognizant or recognisance
 
adj
 
re'cognisant or recognisance
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

recognizance
late 14c., reconyssaunce, from O.Fr. reconissance "acknowledgment, recognition" (Fr. reconnaissance), from prp. stem of reconoistre (see recognize).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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