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13 Essential Literary Terms

redeem

[ri-deem] /rɪˈdim/
verb (used with object)
1.
to buy or pay off; clear by payment:
to redeem a mortgage.
2.
to buy back, as after a tax sale or a mortgage foreclosure.
3.
to recover (something pledged or mortgaged) by payment or other satisfaction:
to redeem a pawned watch.
4.
to exchange (bonds, trading stamps, etc.) for money or goods.
5.
to convert (paper money) into specie.
6.
to discharge or fulfill (a pledge, promise, etc.).
7.
to make up for; make amends for; offset (some fault, shortcoming, etc.):
His bravery redeemed his youthful idleness.
8.
to obtain the release or restoration of, as from captivity, by paying a ransom.
9.
Theology. to deliver from sin and its consequences by means of a sacrifice offered for the sinner.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English redemen < Middle French redimer < Latin redimere, equivalent to red- red- + -imere, combining form of emere to purchase (cf. emptor, ransom)
Related forms
preredeem, verb (used with object)
unredeemed, adjective
Synonyms
1-3. repurchase. Redeem, ransom both mean to buy back. Redeem is wider in its application than ransom, and means to buy back, regain possession of, or exchange for money, goods, etc.: to redeem one's property. To ransom is to redeem a person from captivity by paying a stipulated price, or to redeem from sin by sacrifice: to ransom a kidnapped child. 8, 9. free, liberate, rescue, save.
Antonyms
1. abandon.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for re-deem

redeem

/rɪˈdiːm/
verb (transitive)
1.
to recover possession or ownership of by payment of a price or service; regain
2.
to convert (bonds, shares, etc) into cash
3.
to pay off (a promissory note, loan, etc)
4.
to recover (something pledged, mortgaged, or pawned)
5.
to convert (paper money) into bullion or specie
6.
to fulfil (a promise, pledge, etc)
7.
to exchange (trading stamps, coupons, etc) for goods
8.
to reinstate in someone's estimation or good opinion; restore to favour: he redeemed himself by his altruistic action
9.
to make amends for
10.
to recover from captivity, esp by a money payment
11.
(Christianity) (of Christ as Saviour) to free (mankind) from sin by his death on the Cross
Derived Forms
redeemer, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French redimer, from Latin redimere to buy back, from red-re- + emere to buy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for re-deem

redeem

v.

early 15c., "buy back, ransom," from Middle French redemer "buy back," from Latin redimere (see redemption). Theological sense of "deliver from sin and spiritual death" is from c.1500. Meaning "make amends for" is from 1520s. Sense of "make good" (a promise, obligation, etc.) is from 1840. Related: Redeemed; redeeming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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