grind

[grahynd] /graɪnd/
verb (used with object), ground or (Rare) grinded; grinding.
1.
to wear, smooth, or sharpen by abrasion or friction; whet:
"to grind a lens."
2.
to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing; bray, triturate, or pulverize.
3.
to oppress, torment, or crush:
"to grind the poor."
4.
to rub harshly or gratingly; grate together; grit:
"to grind one's teeth."
5.
to operate by turning a crank:
"to grind a hand organ."
6.
to produce by crushing or abrasion:
"to grind flour."
7.
Slang. to annoy; irritate; irk:
"It really grinds me when he's late."
verb (used without object), ground or (Rare) grinded; grinding.
8.
to perform the operation of reducing to fine particles.
9.
to rub harshly; grate.
10.
to be or become ground.
11.
to be polished or sharpened by friction.
12.
Informal. to work or study laboriously (often followed by away):
"He was grinding away at his algebra."
13.
Slang. (in a dance) to rotate the hips in a suggestive manner.
Compare bump (def 11).
noun
14.
the act of grinding.
15.
a grinding sound.
16.
a grade of particle fineness into which a substance is ground:
"The coffee is available in various grinds for different coffee makers."
17.
laborious, usually uninteresting work:
"Copying all the footnotes was a grind."
18.
Informal. an excessively diligent student.
19.
Slang. a dance movement in which the hips are rotated in a suggestive or erotic manner.
Compare bump (def 20).
Verb phrases
20.
grind out,
  1. to produce in a routine or mechanical way:
    to grind out magazine stories.
  2. to extinguish by rubbing the lighted end against a hard surface:
    to grind out a cigarette.
Origin
before 950; Middle English grinden, Old English grindan; akin to Gothic grinda-, Latin frendere
Related forms
grindable, adjective
grindability, noun
grindingly, adverb
regrind, verb, reground, regrinding.
ungrindable, adjective
Synonyms
2. crush, powder, comminute, pound. 3. persecute, plague, afflict, trouble. 4. abrade.
British Dictionary definitions for re-ground
grind (ɡraɪnd)
 
vb (foll by out) (often foll by down) (foll by out) (foll by out) (often foll by into) , grinds, grinding, ground
1.  to reduce or be reduced to small particles by pounding or abrading: to grind corn; to grind flour
2.  (tr) to smooth, sharpen, or polish by friction or abrasion: to grind a knife
3.  to scrape or grate together (two things, esp the teeth) with a harsh rasping sound or (of such objects) to be scraped together
4.  to speak or say (something) in a rough voice
5.  to hold down; oppress; tyrannize
6.  (tr) to operate (a machine) by turning a handle
7.  to produce in a routine or uninspired manner: he ground out his weekly article for the paper
8.  to continue to play in a dull or insipid manner: the band only ground out old tunes all evening
9.  to instil (facts, information, etc) by persistent effort: they ground into the recruits the need for vigilance
10.  informal (intr) to study or work laboriously
11.  chiefly (US) (intr) to dance erotically by rotating the pelvis (esp in the phrase bump and grind)
 
n
12.  informal laborious or routine work or study
13.  slang chiefly (US) a person, esp a student, who works excessively hard
14.  a specific grade of pulverization, as of coffee beans: coarse grind
15.  slang (Brit) the act of sexual intercourse
16.  chiefly (US) a dance movement involving an erotic rotation of the pelvis
17.  the act or sound of grinding
 
[Old English grindan; related to Latin frendere, Lithuanian gréndu I rub, Low German grand sand]
 
'grindingly
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin and History for re-ground
grind
O.E. grindan, forgrindan "destroy by crushing" (class III strong verb; past tense grand, pp. grunden), from P.Gmc. *grindanan (cf. Du. grenden), related to ground, from PIE *ghrendh- "crushing" (cf. L. frendere "to gnash the teeth," Gk. khondros "corn, grain," Lith. grendu "to scrape, scratch"). The noun sense "steady, hard work" first recorded 1851 in college student slang; the meaning "hard-working student" is Amer.Eng. slang from 1864. Grinder as a type of large sandwich is first recorded 1954. To keep one's nose to the grindstone was originally to get control of another and treat him harshly:
"This Text holdeth their noses so hard to the grindstone, that it clean disfigureth their Faces." [Frith, "Mirror to know Thyself," 1532]
The main modern (reflective) sense of "work hard" is from 1828.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang related to re-ground

grind

noun
  1. : to wow the audience with her bumps and grinds (1940s+)
  2. : No one except a few notorious grinds studied that night (1864+ Students)
  3. : They heard the hawker go into his grind
  4. A hawker or barker (1925+ Circus)
  5. Any obnoxious or annoying person; jerk, a PAIN IN THE ASS, pill : The prof's a tedious old grind (1890+)
  6. Any very difficult and trying task, esp one that lasts a long time and is slowly and painfully done : Writing dictionaries is indeed a grind (1852+)
verb
  1. To rotate one's pelvis in the sex act or in imitation of the sex act •Nearly always in combination with bump : the strippers bumping and grinding away (1940s+)
  2. To study diligently : Five days to grind and two days to be social, the way it was at Yale (1864+ Students)
  3. To attract and address a crowd at a show or concession; spiel (1925+ Circus)
general

bump and grind, if you can't find 'em


Dictionary of American Slang
Copyright © 1986 by HarperCollins Publishers
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re-ground in the Bible

(Ex. 32:20; Deut. 9:21; Judg. 16:21), to crush small (Heb. tahan); to oppress the poor (Isa. 3:5). The hand-mill was early used by the Hebrews (Num. 11:8). It consisted of two stones, the upper (Deut. 24:6; 2 Sam. 11:21) being movable and slightly concave, the lower being stationary. The grinders mentioned Eccl. 12:3 are the teeth. (See MILL.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Tile value for re

2
2
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Quotes with re-ground