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analyze

[an-l-ahyz] /ˈæn lˌaɪz/
verb (used with object), analyzed, analyzing.
1.
to separate (a material or abstract entity) into constituent parts or elements; determine the elements or essential features of (opposed to synthesize):
to analyze an argument.
2.
to examine critically, so as to bring out the essential elements or give the essence of:
to analyze a poem.
3.
to examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key factors, possible results, etc.
4.
to subject to mathematical, chemical, grammatical, etc., analysis.
5.
to psychoanalyze:
a patient who has been analyzed by two therapists.
Also, especially British, analyse.
Origin
1595-1605
1595-1605; back formation from analysis (or from its Latin or Gk sources), with -ys- taken as -ize
Related forms
analyzable, adjective
analyzability, noun
analyzation, noun
misanalyze, verb (used with object), misanalyzed, misanalyzing.
nonanalyzable, adjective
nonanalyzed, adjective
overanalyze, verb, overanalyzed, overanalyzing.
reanalyzable, adjective
reanalyze, verb (used with object), reanalyzed, reanalyzing.
unanalyzable, adjective
unanalyzably, adverb
unanalyzed, adjective
unanalyzing, adjective
well-analyzed, adjective
Synonyms
1. break down. 2. explicate.
Antonyms
1. synthesize.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for reanalyzable
analyze
c.1600, "to dissect," from Fr. analyser, from analyse (see analysis). Literature sense is attested from 1610s; meaning in chemistry dates from 1660s. Sense of "to examine closely" dates from 1809; psychological sense is from 1909.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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