recalcitrant

[ri-kal-si-truhnt]
adjective
1.
resisting authority or control; not obedient or compliant; refractory.
2.
hard to deal with, manage, or operate.
noun
3.
a recalcitrant person.

Origin:
1835–45; < Latin recalcitrant- (stem of recalcitrāns, present participle of recalcitrāre to kick back), equivalent to re- re- + calcitr(āre) to strike with the heels, kick (derivative of calx heel) + -ant- -ant

recalcitrance, recalcitrancy, noun
nonrecalcitrance, noun
nonrecalcitrancy, noun
nonrecalcitrant, adjective
unrecalcitrant, adjective


1. resistant, rebellious, opposed. See unruly.
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World English Dictionary
recalcitrant (rɪˈkælsɪtrənt)
 
adj
1.  not susceptible to control or authority; refractory
 
n
2.  a recalcitrant person
 
[C19: via French from Latin recalcitrāre, from re- + calcitrāre to kick, from calx heel]
 
re'calcitrance
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

recalcitrant
1843, from Fr. récalcitrant, lit. "kicking back" (17c.-18c.), pp. of recalcitrare "to kick back," from re- "back" + L. calcitrare "to kick," from calx (gen. calcis) "heel." Verb recalcitrate "to kick out" is attested from 1623; sense of "resist obstinately" is from 1759.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But there's another political monster we've tried to postpone that's fed up
  with our recalcitrance.
But they would then have to answer to the electorate for their recalcitrance.
His nerves vibrating through bouts of exhaustion, he struggled against the
  recalcitrance of investment fashion and chance.
Faculty members, with their reputations for recalcitrance, are often seen as
  barriers to change.
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