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centrifuge

[sen-truh-fyooj] /ˈsɛn trəˌfyudʒ/
noun
1.
an apparatus that rotates at high speed and by centrifugal force separates substances of different densities, as milk and cream.
verb (used with object), centrifuged, centrifuging.
2.
Also, centrifugalize. to subject to the action of a centrifuge.
Origin
1795-1805
1795-1805; < French, noun use of centrifuge (adj.) < Neo-Latin centrifugus center-fleeing; see centrifugal
Related forms
centrifugation
[sen-trif-yuh-gey-shuh n, -trif-uh-] /sɛnˌtrɪf yəˈgeɪ ʃən, -ˌtrɪf ə-/ (Show IPA),
noun
recentrifuge, verb (used with object), recentrifuged, recentrifuging.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for recentrifuge

centrifuge

/ˈsɛntrɪˌfjuːdʒ/
noun
1.
any of various rotating machines that separate liquids from solids or dispersions of one liquid in another, by the action of centrifugal force
2.
any of various rotating devices for subjecting human beings or animals to varying accelerations for experimental purposes
verb
3.
(transitive) to subject to the action of a centrifuge
Derived Forms
centrifugation (ˌsɛntrɪfjʊˈɡeɪʃən) noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for recentrifuge

centrifuge

n.

1887, "a centrifuge machine," originally a machine for separating cream from milk, from French centrifuge, from noun use of adjective meaning "centrifugal" (1801), from Modern Latin centrifugus (see centrifugal).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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recentrifuge in Medicine

centrifuge cen·tri·fuge (sěn'trə-fyōōj')
n.
An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different densities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. v. cen·tri·fuged, cen·tri·fug·ing, cen·tri·fug·es
To rotate something in a centrifuge or to separate, dehydrate, or test by means of this apparatus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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recentrifuge in Science
centrifuge
  (sěn'trə-fyj')   
A machine that separates substances of different densities in a sample by rotating the sample at very high speed, causing the substance to be displaced outward, sometimes through a series of filters or gratings. Denser substances tend to be displaced from the center more than ones that are less dense.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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