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[ri-klahyn] /rɪˈklaɪn/
verb (used without object), reclined, reclining.
to lean or lie back; rest in a recumbent position.
verb (used with object), reclined, reclining.
to cause to lean back on something; place in a recumbent position.
late Middle English
1375-1425; late Middle English reclinen < Latin reclīnāre, equivalent to re- re- + clīnāre to lean1
Related forms
reclinable, adjective
[rek-luh-ney-shuh n] /ˌrɛk ləˈneɪ ʃən/ (Show IPA),
half-reclined, adjective
half-reclining, adjective
unreclined, adjective
unreclining, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for reclining
  • Some cinemas have replaced rows of seats with widely spaced reclining chairs, with tray tables and waiter service.
  • On the wall above my desk hangs a painting of a reclining maiden gazing into a hand mirror that she holds overhead.
  • For starters, each one has a reclining leather chair, plus a full-size bed.
  • Both it and a fully reclining back need to be ordered separately and installed on a power wheelchair.
British Dictionary definitions for reclining


to rest or cause to rest in a leaning position
Derived Forms
reclinable, adjective
reclination (ˌrɛklɪˈneɪʃən) noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French recliner, from Latin reclīnāre to lean back, from re- + clīnāre to lean1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for reclining



early 15c., from Old French recliner "rest, lay; bend, lean over" (13c.) and directly from Latin reclinare "to bend back, to lean back; cause to lean," from re- "back, against" (see re-) + clinare "to bend," from PIE *klei-n-, suffixed form of *klei "to lean" (see lean (v.)). Related: Reclined; reclining.

Recline is always as strong as lean, and generally stronger, indicating a more completely recumbent position, and approaching lie. [Century Dictionary]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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