recline

[ri-klahyn]
verb (used without object), reclined, reclining.
1.
to lean or lie back; rest in a recumbent position.
verb (used with object), reclined, reclining.
2.
to cause to lean back on something; place in a recumbent position.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English reclinen < Latin reclīnāre, equivalent to re- re- + clīnāre to lean1

reclinable, adjective
reclination [rek-luh-ney-shuhn] , noun
half-reclined, adjective
half-reclining, adjective
unreclined, adjective
unreclining, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
recline (rɪˈklaɪn)
 
vb
to rest or cause to rest in a leaning position
 
[C15: from Old French recliner, from Latin reclīnāre to lean back, from re- + clīnāre to lean1]
 
re'clinable
 
adj
 
reclination
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

recline
c.1420, from L. reclinare "to bend back, to lean back," from re- "back, against" + clinare "to bend," from PIE *klei-n-, suffixed form of *klei "to lean" (see lean (v.)). Recliner "chair in which one may recline" is attested from 1928.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Some cinemas have replaced rows of seats with widely spaced reclining chairs, with tray tables and waiter service.
On the wall above my desk hangs a painting of a reclining maiden gazing into a hand mirror that she holds overhead.
For starters, each one has a reclining leather chair, plus a full-size bed.
Both it and a fully reclining back need to be ordered separately and installed on a power wheelchair.
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