recluse

[n. rek-loos, ri-kloos; adj. ri-kloos, rek-loos]
noun
1.
a person who lives in seclusion or apart from society, often for religious meditation.
2.
Also, incluse. a religious voluntary immured in a cave, hut, or the like, or one remaining within a cell for life.
adjective, recluse, Also, reclusive.
3.
shut off or apart from the world; living in seclusion, often for religious reasons.
4.
characterized by seclusion; solitary.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English < Old French reclus < Late Latin reclūsus, past participle of reclūdere to shut up, equivalent to re- re- + -clūd-, combining form of claudere to close + -tus past participle suffix, with dt > s

nonreclusive, adjective
unrecluse, adjective
unreclusive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
recluse (rɪˈkluːs)
 
n
1.  a person who lives in seclusion
2.  a person who lives in solitude to devote himself to prayer and religious meditation; a hermit, anchorite, or anchoress
 
adj
3.  solitary; retiring
 
[C13: from Old French reclus, from Late Latin reclūdere to shut away, from Latin re- + claudere to close]
 
reclusion
 
n
 
re'clusive
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

recluse
early 13c., "person shut up from the world for purposes of religious meditation," from O.Fr. reclus (fem. recluse), noun use of reclus (adj.) "shut up," from L.L. reclusus, pp. of recludere "to shut up, enclose" (but in classical L. "to throw open"), from L. re-, intensive prefix + claudere "to shut"
(see close (v.)). Reclusive first recorded 1590s (recluse formerly served also as an adj. in English).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Her life, lived as a half recluse, gave rise to all sorts of stories concerning
  her.
The penitential austerities which she practised, were such as seemed rather to
  suit a recluse than one who lived in a court.
If they have any idea of his subsequent life, it's probably that he became a
  recluse.
The recluse witnesses what others perform by their aid with a kind of fear.
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