[n. rek-loos, ri-kloos; adj. ri-kloos, rek-loos]
a person who lives in seclusion or apart from society, often for religious meditation.
Also, incluse. a religious voluntary immured in a cave, hut, or the like, or one remaining within a cell for life.
adjective, recluse, Also, reclusive.
shut off or apart from the world; living in seclusion, often for religious reasons.
characterized by seclusion; solitary.

1175–1225; Middle English < Old French reclus < Late Latin reclūsus, past participle of reclūdere to shut up, equivalent to re- re- + -clūd-, combining form of claudere to close + -tus past participle suffix, with dt > s

nonreclusive, adjective
unrecluse, adjective
unreclusive, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
recluse (rɪˈkluːs)
1.  a person who lives in seclusion
2.  a person who lives in solitude to devote himself to prayer and religious meditation; a hermit, anchorite, or anchoress
3.  solitary; retiring
[C13: from Old French reclus, from Late Latin reclūdere to shut away, from Latin re- + claudere to close]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

early 13c., "person shut up from the world for purposes of religious meditation," from O.Fr. reclus (fem. recluse), noun use of reclus (adj.) "shut up," from L.L. reclusus, pp. of recludere "to shut up, enclose" (but in classical L. "to throw open"), from L. re-, intensive prefix + claudere "to shut"
(see close (v.)). Reclusive first recorded 1590s (recluse formerly served also as an adj. in English).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The reclusive cats are seldom seen but leave their mark by footprints in the
  snow and other physical evidence.
The bigger question is what the conference might mean for the future of the
  reclusive state.
Success left no dent in her reclusive modesty, and she would never claim that
  her external life was interesting.
And that leads to a search for its reclusive author.
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