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recluse

[n. rek-loos, ri-kloos; adj. ri-kloos, rek-loos] /n. ˈrɛk lus, rɪˈklus; adj. rɪˈklus, ˈrɛk lus/
noun
1.
a person who lives in seclusion or apart from society, often for religious meditation.
2.
Also, incluse. a religious voluntary immured in a cave, hut, or the like, or one remaining within a cell for life.
adjective, recluse, Also, reclusive
3.
shut off or apart from the world; living in seclusion, often for religious reasons.
4.
characterized by seclusion; solitary.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English < Old French reclus < Late Latin reclūsus, past participle of reclūdere to shut up, equivalent to re- re- + -clūd-, combining form of claudere to close + -tus past participle suffix, with dt > s
Related forms
nonreclusive, adjective
unrecluse, adjective
unreclusive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for reclusive
  • The reclusive cats are seldom seen but leave their mark by footprints in the snow and other physical evidence.
  • The bigger question is what the conference might mean for the future of the reclusive state.
  • Success left no dent in her reclusive modesty, and she would never claim that her external life was interesting.
  • And that leads to a search for its reclusive author.
  • The two had been ill for some time, and increasingly reclusive.
  • Sagebrush lizards are small, reclusive, and extremely quick.
  • Some spiders, beetles and pseudoscorpions never come out to the light, living all their lives in reclusive darkness.
  • Snakes are reclusive by nature and seek available hiding places.
  • Copperheads are reclusive and tend to hide in abandoned barns, sawdust piles or under boards.
  • Most are small reclusive animals not highly visible to the refuge visitor.
British Dictionary definitions for reclusive

recluse

/rɪˈkluːs/
noun
1.
a person who lives in seclusion
2.
a person who lives in solitude to devote himself to prayer and religious meditation; a hermit, anchorite, or anchoress
adjective
3.
solitary; retiring
Derived Forms
reclusion (rɪˈkluːʒən) noun
reclusive, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French reclus, from Late Latin reclūdere to shut away, from Latin re- + claudere to close
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for reclusive
adj.

1590s, from recluse + -ive. Recluse alone formerly served also as an adjective in English (early 13c.).

recluse

n.

c.1200, "person shut up from the world for purposes of religious meditation," from Old French reclus (fem. recluse) "hermit, recluse," also "confinement, prison; convent, monastery," noun use of reclus (adj.) "shut up," from Late Latin reclusus, past participle of recludere "to shut up, enclose" (but in classical Latin "to throw open"), from Latin re-, intensive prefix, + claudere "to shut" (see close (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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