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recognizance

[ri-kog-nuh-zuh ns, -kon-uh-] /rɪˈkɒg nə zəns, -ˈkɒn ə-/
noun
1.
Law.
  1. a bond or obligation of record entered into before a court of record or a magistrate, binding a person to do a particular act.
  2. the sum pledged as surety on such a bond.
2.
Archaic. recognition.
3.
Archaic. a token; badge.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English reconissaunce, recognisance < Old French reconuissance. See recognize, -ance
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for recognizances

recognizance

/rɪˈkɒɡnɪzəns/
noun
1.
(law)
  1. a bond entered into before a court or magistrate by which a person binds himself to do a specified act, as to appear in court on a stated day, keep the peace, or pay a debt
  2. a monetary sum pledged to the performance of such an act
2.
an obsolete word for recognition
Derived Forms
recognizant, recognisant, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French reconoissance, from reconoistre to recognize
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for recognizances

recognizance

n.

early 14c., reconisaunce, "a bond acknowledging some obligation binding one over to do some particular act," from Old French reconissance "acknowledgment, recognition" (12c., Modern French reconnaissance), from reconoiss-, present participle stem of reconoistre (see recognize). Related: Recognizant.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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