recoil upon


[v. ri-koil; n. ree-koil, ri-koil]
verb (used without object)
to draw back; start or shrink back, as in alarm, horror, or disgust.
to spring or fly back, as in consequence of force of impact or the force of the discharge, as a firearm.
to spring or come back; react (usually followed by on or upon ): Plots frequently recoil upon the plotters.
Physics. (of an atom, a nucleus, or a particle) to undergo a change in momentum as a result either of a collision with an atom, a nucleus, or a particle or of the emission of a particle.
an act of recoiling.
the distance through which a weapon moves backward after discharging.

1175–1225; Middle English recoilen, reculen (v.) < Old French reculer, equivalent to re- re- + -culer, verbal derivative of cul rump, buttocks; see culet

recoilingly, adverb
nonrecoil, noun

re-coil, recoil.

1. withdraw, quail, flinch, falter. See wince1. 2. rebound. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To recoil upon
World English Dictionary
vb (foll by on or upon)
1.  to jerk back, as from an impact or violent thrust
2.  (often foll by from) to draw back in fear, horror, or disgust: to recoil from the sight of blood
3.  to go wrong, esp so as to hurt the perpetrator
4.  (of a nucleus, atom, molecule, or elementary particle) to change momentum as a result of the emission of a photon or particle
5.  a.  the backward movement of a gun when fired
 b.  the distance moved
6.  the motion acquired by a particle as a result of its emission of a photon or other particle
7.  the act of recoiling
[C13: from Old French reculer, from re- + cul rump, from Latin cūlus]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Word Origin & History

early 13c., "force back," from O.Fr. reculer "to go back, recede, retreat," from V.L. *reculare, from L. re- "back" + culus "backside." Meaning "shrink back" is first recorded 1510s, and that of "spring back" (as a gun) in 1520s. The noun is attested from early 14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature