recombinant DNA technology

recombinant DNA technology

noun Genetics.
any of various techniques for separating and recombining segments of DNA or genes, often employing a restriction enzyme to cut a gene from a donor organism and inserting it into a plasmid or viral DNA for transplantation into a host organism, where the gene causes the production of a desired substance either for harvesting or for the benefit of the host organism itself.
Also called gene splicing.


Origin:
1970–75

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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  recombinant DNA technology
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  See genetic modification
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
recombinant DNA technology [(ree-kom-buh-nuhnt)]

Techniques, usually associated with genetic engineering, in which strands of DNA from different sources are spliced together to form DNA for a new life form. Gene splicing is another name for this process.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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