a city in N California. Unabridged


1 [red]
verb (used with object), redd or redded, redding. Northern and Midland U.S.
to put in order; tidy: to redd a room for company.
to clear: to redd the way.
Also, red.

before 900; apparently conflation of 2 words: Middle English (Scots) reden to clear, clean up (a space, land), Old English gerǣdan to put in order (cognate with Middle Dutch, Middle Low German rêden, reiden; akin to ready); and Middle English (Scots) redden to rid, free, clear, Old English hreddan to save, deliver, rescue (cognate with Old Frisian hredda, German retten)


2 [red]
verb (used with object), red, redding.
redd1. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To redding
World English Dictionary
red1 (rɛd)
1.  any of a group of colours, such as that of a ripe tomato or fresh blood, that lie at one end of the visible spectrum, next to orange, and are perceived by the eye when light in the approximate wavelength range 740--620 nanometres falls on the retina. Red is the complementary colour of cyan and forms a set of primary colours with blue and greenRelated: rubicund, ruddy
2.  a pigment or dye of or producing these colours
3.  red cloth or clothing: dressed in red
4.  a red ball in snooker, billiards, etc
5.  (in roulette and other gambling games) one of two colours on which players may place even bets, the other being black
6.  archery Also called: inner a red ring on a target, between the blue and the gold, scoring seven points
7.  informal in the red in debit; owing money
8.  informal see red to become very angry
adj , redder, reddest
9.  of the colour red
10.  reddish in colour or having parts or marks that are reddish: red hair; red deer
11.  having the face temporarily suffused with blood, being a sign of anger, shame, etc
12.  (of the complexion) rosy; florid
13.  (of the eyes) bloodshot
14.  (of the hands) stained with blood, as after committing murder
15.  bloody or violent: red revolution
16.  (of wine) made from black grapes and coloured by their skins
17.  denoting the highest degree of urgency in an emergency; used by the police and the army and informally (esp in the phrase red alert)
18.  (US) Compare blue relating to, supporting, or representing the Republican Party
vb , redder, reddest, reds, redding, redded
19.  another word for redden
Related: rubicund, ruddy
[Old English rēad; compare Old High German rōt, Gothic rauths, Latin ruber, Greek eruthros, Sanskrit rohita]

red2 (rɛd)
vb , reds, redding, red, redded
(tr) a variant spelling of redd

Red (rɛd)
1.  Communist, Socialist, or Soviet
2.  radical, leftist, or revolutionary
3.  a member or supporter of a Communist or Socialist Party or a national of a state having such a government, esp the former Soviet Union
4.  a radical, leftist, or revolutionary
[C19: from the colour chosen to symbolize revolutionary socialism]

redd or red1 (rɛd)
vb (often foll by up) , redds, redding, redd, redded
1.  to bring order to; tidy (up)
2.  the act or an instance of redding
[C15 redden to clear, perhaps a variant of rid]
red or red1
[C15 redden to clear, perhaps a variant of rid]
'redder or red1

redd2 (rɛd)
a hollow in sand or gravel on a river bed, scooped out as a spawning place by salmon, trout, or other fish
[C17 (originally: spawn): of obscure origin]

Redding (ˈrɛdɪŋ)
Otis. 1941--67, US soul singer and songwriter. His recordings include "Respect" (1965), Dictionary of Soul (1966), and "(Sittin' on) The Dock of the Bay" (1968)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. read, from P.Gmc. *rauthaz (cf. O.N. rauðr, Dan. rød, O.Fris. rad, M.Du. root, Ger. rot, Goth. rauþs), from PIE base *reudh- (cf. L. ruber, also dial. rufus "light red," mostly of hair; Gk. erythros; Skt. rudhira-; Avestan raoidita-; O.C.S. rudru, Pol. rumiany, Rus. rumjanyj "flushed,
red," of complexions, etc.; Lith. raudas; O.Ir. ruad, Welsh rhudd, Bret. ruz "red"). The only color for which a definite common PIE root word has been found. The surname Read/Reid retains the original O.E. long vowel pronunciation. The color as characteristic of "British possessions" on a map, is attested from 1916. The red flag was used as a symbol of defiance in battle on land or sea from 1602. To see red "get angry" is an Amer.Eng. expression first recorded 1900. Red light as a sign to stop is from 1849, long before traffic signals. As the sign of a brothel, it is attested from 1900. As a children's game (in ref. to the traffic light meaning) it is recorded from 1953. Red-letter day (c.1385) was originally a saint's day, marked on church calendars in red letters. Red ball signifying "express" in railroad jargon is 1927, from the red ball mounted on a pole as a controlling signal. Red-blooded "vigorous, spirited" is recorded from 1877. Red dog, type of U.S. football pass rush, is recorded from 1959. Red shift in spectography is first recorded 1923. Red carpet "sumptuous welcome" is from 1934, but the custom for dignitaries is described as far back as Aeschylus (e.g. "Agamemnon").

"Bolshevik," 1917, from red (1), the color they adopted for themselves. Association in Europe of red with revolutionary politics (on notion of blood and violence) is from at least 1297, but got a boost 1793 with adoption of the red Phrygian cap (Fr. bonnet rouge) as symbol of
the Fr. Revolution. First specific political reference in Eng. was 1848 (adj.), in news reports of the Second French Republic (a.k.a. Red Republic). The noun meaning "radical, communist" is from 1851.

c.1425, "to clear" (a space, etc.), from O.E. hreddan "to save, to deliver, recover, rescue," from P.Gmc. *hradjan. Sense evolution tended to merge with unrelated rid. Also possibly infl. by O.E. rædan "to arrange," related to O.E. geræde, source of
ready. A dialect word in Scotland and northern England, where it has had senses of "to fix" (boundaries), "to comb" (hair), "to separate" (combatants), "to settle" (a quarrel). The exception to the limited use is the meaning "to put in order, to make neat or trim" (1718), especially in redd up, which is in general use in England and the U.S. Use of the same phrase, in the same sense, in Pennsylvania Dutch may be from cognate Low Ger. and Du. redden, obviously connected historically to the Eng. word, "but the origin and relationship of the forms is no clear" [OED].
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


city, seat (1888) of Shasta county, northern California, U.S. It lies in the northern Sacramento Valley. Founded (1872) on land called Poverty Flat by the California and Oregon Railroad, the city was named for B.B. Redding, a railroad land agent, and developed as a shipping point for minerals and agricultural produce. After World War II lumbering and tourism became the economic mainstays. As headquarters of the Shasta-Trinity National Forest, it became a service centre for an extensive recreational area around Shasta-Whiskeytown-Trinity lakes and dams, Trinity Alps Wilderness Area, and Lassen Volcanic National Park; Shasta Dam (built 1938-45) is the country's second-largest and second-tallest concrete dam. The Redding Museum of Art and History features ethnographic, historical, and fine arts exhibitions. Redding is the seat of a community college (1948) that has several branches. The old mining ghost town of Shasta, preserved within Shasta State Historic Park, is 6 miles (10 km) west. Lake Shasta Caverns are 10 miles (16 km) north of Shasta Dam. Inc. 1887. Pop. (1990) city, 66,462; Redding MSA, 147,036; (2000) city, 80,865; Redding MSA, 163,256.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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