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fasten

[fas-uh n, fah-suh n] /ˈfæs ən, ˈfɑ sən/
verb (used with object)
1.
to attach firmly or securely in place; fix securely to something else.
2.
to make secure, as an article of dress with buttons, clasps, etc., or a door with a lock, bolt, etc.
3.
to enclose securely, as a person or an animal (usually followed by in):
to fasten a monkey in a cage.
4.
to attach, associate, or connect:
to fasten a nickname on someone.
5.
to direct (the eyes, thoughts, etc.) intently:
to fasten one's eyes on a speaker.
verb (used without object)
6.
to become fast, fixed, or firm.
7.
to close firmly or securely; lock:
This clasp won't fasten.
8.
to take a firm hold; seize (usually followed by on or upon):
to fasten on an idea.
9.
to focus attention; concentrate (usually followed by on or upon):
His gaze fastened on the jewels.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English fastenen, Old English fæstnian; cognate with Old Norse fastna to betroth; akin to fast1
Related forms
refasten, verb (used with object)
well-fastened, adjective
Synonyms
1. connect, link, hook, clasp, clinch, rivet, clamp, bind, tie, tether.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for refastened

fasten

/ˈfɑːsən/
verb
1.
to make or become fast or secure
2.
to make or become attached or joined
3.
to close or become closed by fixing firmly in place, locking, etc
4.
(transitive; foll by in or up) to enclose or imprison
5.
(transitive) usually foll by on. to cause (blame, a nickname, etc) to be attached (to); place (on) or impute (to)
6.
usually foll by on or upon. to direct or be directed in a concentrated way; fix: he fastened his gaze on the girl
7.
(intransitive) usually foll by on. take firm hold (of)
Derived Forms
fastener, noun
Word Origin
Old English fæstnian; related to Old Norse fastna to pledge, Old High German fastinōn to make fast; see fast1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for refastened

fasten

v.

Old English fæstnian "make fast, firm," also "ratify, betroth," from Proto-Germanic *fastinojanan (cf. Old Frisian festnia "to make firm, bind fast," Old Saxon fastnon, Old High German fastnion, Old Norse fastna "to pledge, betroth"), from *fastuz (see fast (adj.)). Related: Fastened; fastener; fastening.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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15
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