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refer

[ri-fur] /rɪˈfɜr/
verb (used with object), referred, referring.
1.
to direct for information or anything required:
He referred me to books on astrology.
2.
to direct the attention or thoughts of:
The asterisk refers the reader to a footnote.
3.
to hand over or submit for information, consideration, decision, etc.:
to refer the argument to arbitration.
4.
to assign to a class, period, etc.; regard as belonging or related.
5.
to have relation; relate; apply.
verb (used without object), referred, referring.
6.
to direct attention, as a reference mark does.
7.
to have recourse or resort; turn, as for aid or information:
to refer to one's notes.
8.
to make reference or allusion:
The author referred to his teachers twice in his article.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English referren < Latin referre to bring back, equivalent to re- re- + ferre to bring, bear1
Related forms
referable, referrable, referrible
[ref-er-uh-buh l, ri-fur-] /ˈrɛf ər ə bəl, rɪˈfɜr-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
referrer, noun
misrefer, verb, misreferred, misreferring.
prerefer, verb (used with object), prereferred, prereferring.
unreferred, adjective
well-referred, adjective
Synonyms
4. attribute, ascribe, impute. 5. pertain, belong. 8. advert, allude.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for referred
  • As my caseload increased, the types of students referred to me began to change.
  • Ambivalence about charm may be rooted in the word's origins, when it referred to a magic spell or incantation.
  • Many have also been suspended and referred to disciplinary hearings and to criminal prosecution.
  • As high tide is building, the incoming flow of water is referred to as a flood tide or flood current.
  • Because it is a cleaner source of power than oil or coal, nuclear energy is often mistakenly referred to as a renewable resource.
  • Such landscapes are referred to as the continuous permafrost zone.
  • The population also was a reflection of this mixture, referred to as mestizo.
  • These aggressive seabirds are sometimes referred to as avian pirates.
  • Other longitude lines are sometimes referred to as meridians.
  • In the process, they create what are commonly referred to as shooting stars.
British Dictionary definitions for referred

refer

/rɪˈfɜː/
verb (often foll by to) -fers, -ferring, -ferred
1.
(intransitive) to make mention (of)
2.
(transitive) to direct the attention of (someone) for information, facts, etc: the reader is referred to Chomsky, 1965
3.
(intransitive) to seek information (from): I referred to a dictionary of English usage, he referred to his notes
4.
(intransitive) to be relevant (to); pertain or relate (to): this song refers to an incident in the Civil War
5.
(transitive) to assign or attribute: Cromwell referred his victories to God
6.
(transitive) to hand over for consideration, reconsideration, or decision: to refer a complaint to another department
7.
(transitive) to hand back to the originator as unacceptable or unusable
8.
(transitive) (Brit) to fail (a student) in an examination
9.
(transitive) (Brit) to send back (a thesis) to a student for improvement
10.
refer to drawer, a request by a bank that the payee consult the drawer concerning a cheque payable by that bank (usually because the drawer has insufficient funds in his account), payment being suspended in the meantime
11.
(transitive) to direct (a patient) for treatment to another doctor, usually a specialist
12.
(transitive) (social welfare) to direct (a client) to another agency or professional for a service
Derived Forms
referable (ˈrɛfərəbəl), referrable (rɪˈfɜːrəbəl) adjective
referral, noun
referrer, noun
Usage note
The common practice of adding back to refer is tautologous, since this meaning is already contained in the re- of refer: this refers to (not back to) what has already been said. However, when refer is used in the sense of passing a document or question for further consideration to the person from whom it was received, it may be appropriate to say he referred the matter back
Word Origin
C14: from Latin referre to carry back, from re- + ferre to bear1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for referred

refer

v.

late 14c., "to trace back (to a first cause), attribute, assign," from Old French referer (14c.) and directly from Latin referre "to relate, refer," literally "to carry back," from re- "back" (see re-) + ferre "carry" (see infer). Meaning "to commit to some authority for a decision" is from mid-15c.; sense of "to direct (someone) to a book, etc." is from c.1600. Related: Referred; referring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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