refiner

refine

[ri-fahyn] ,
verb (used with object), refined, refining.
1.
to bring to a fine or a pure state; free from impurities: to refine metal, sugar, or petroleum.
2.
to purify from what is coarse, vulgar, or debasing; make elegant or cultured.
3.
to bring to a finer state or form by purifying.
4.
to make more fine, subtle, or precise: to refine one's writing style.
verb (used without object), refined, refining.
5.
to become pure: The silver is refining in the furnace.
6.
to become more fine, elegant, or polished: His parents hope that his manners will refine as he gets older.
7.
to make fine distinctions in thought or language.
Verb phrases
8.
refine on/upon, to improve by inserting finer distinctions, superior elements, etc.: to refine on one's previous work.

Origin:
1575–85; re- + fine1

refinable, adjective
refiner, noun
prerefine, verb (used with object), prerefined, prerefining.
self-refining, adjective
superrefine, verb (used with object), superrefined, superrefining.
unrefining, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
refine (rɪˈfaɪn)
 
vb (often foll by out)
1.  to make or become free from impurities, sediment, or other foreign matter; purify
2.  (tr) to separate (a mixture) into pure constituents, as in an oil refinery
3.  to make or become free from coarse characteristics; make or become elegant or polished
4.  to remove (something impure or extraneous)
5.  (intr; often foll by on or upon) to enlarge or improve (upon) by making subtle or fine distinctions
6.  (tr) to make (language) more subtle or polished
 
[C16: from re- + fine1]
 
re'finable
 
adj

refiner (rɪˈfaɪnə)
 
n
a person, device, or substance that removes impurities, sediment, or other unwanted matter from something

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

refine
1582, of metals, 1588 of manners, from re-, intensive prefix + obs. fine (v.) "make fine," from fine (adj.) "delicate" (q.v.). Cf. Fr. raffiner, It. raffinare, Sp. refinar. General and fig. sense is recorded from 1596; of sugar, from 1613. Refinery in various senses is first
recorded 1727. Refinement "act or process of refining" is from 1611; meaning "fineness of feeling" is from 1708.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

refine re·fine (rĭ-fīn')
v. re·fined, re·fin·ing, re·fines
To reduce to a pure state; purify.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Refiner definition


The process of refining metals is referred to by way of illustrations in Isa. 1:25; Jer. 6:29; Zech. 13:9; Mal. 3:2, 3.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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