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refuse1

[ri-fyooz] /rɪˈfyuz/
verb (used with object), refused, refusing.
1.
to decline to accept (something offered):
to refuse an award.
2.
to decline to give; deny (a request, demand, etc.):
to refuse permission.
3.
to express a determination not to (do something):
to refuse to discuss the question.
4.
to decline to submit to.
5.
(of a horse) to decline to leap over (a barrier).
6.
to decline to accept (a suitor) in marriage.
7.
Military. to bend or curve back (the flank units of a military force) so that they face generally to the flank rather than the front.
8.
Obsolete. to renounce.
verb (used without object), refused, refusing.
9.
to decline acceptance, consent, or compliance.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English refusen < Middle French refuser, Old FrenchLatin refūsus, past participle of refundere to pour back; see refund1
Related forms
refusable, adjective
refuser, noun
quasi-refused, adjective
unrefusable, adjective
unrefused, adjective
unrefusing, adjective
Synonyms
1. rebuff. Refuse, decline, reject, spurn all imply nonacceptance of something. To decline is milder and more courteous than to refuse, which is direct and often emphatic in expressing determination not to accept what is offered or proposed: to refuse a bribe; to decline an invitation. To reject is even more positive and definite than refuse : to reject a suitor. To spurn is to reject with scorn: to spurn a bribe.
Antonyms
1. accept, welcome.

refuse2

[ref-yoos] /ˈrɛf yus/
noun
1.
something that is discarded as worthless or useless; rubbish; trash; garbage.
adjective
2.
rejected as worthless; discarded:
refuse matter.
Origin
1325-75; Middle English < Middle French; Old French refus denial, rejection, derivative of refuser to refuse1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for refuses
  • She tries to give him the letter, but he refuses to accept it.
  • She realizes that she has some feelings for him but he refuses her.
  • He refuses, and she withdraws into the palace as the servant is arriving.
  • The genie grants her wishes but refuses to return to his lamp and disappears.
  • She refuses to leave because the imposter has her baby, but she helps lionel to escape.
  • Fang refuses to get along with or even travel with ari, causing himself and max to argue.
British Dictionary definitions for refuses

refuse1

/rɪˈfjuːz/
verb
1.
(transitive) to decline to accept (something offered) to refuse a present, to refuse promotion
2.
to decline to give or grant (something) to (a person, organization, etc)
3.
(when transitive, takes an infinitive) to express determination not (to do something); decline he refuses to talk about it
4.
(of a horse) to be unwilling to take (a jump), as by swerving or stopping
5.
(transitive) (of a woman) to declare one's unwillingness to accept (a suitor) as a husband
Derived Forms
refusable, adjective
refuser, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French refuser, from Latin refundere to pour back; see refund

refuse2

/ˈrɛfjuːs/
noun
1.
  1. anything thrown away; waste; rubbish
  2. (as modifier) a refuse collection
Word Origin
C15: from Old French refuser to refuse1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for refuses

refuse

v.

c.1300, from Old French refuser "reject, disregard, avoid" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *refusare, frequentative form from past participle stem of Latin refundere "pour back, give back" (see refund (v.)). Related: Refused; refusing.

n.

mid-14c., "an outcast;" mid-14c., "a rejected thing, waste material, trash," from Old French refus "waste product, rubbish; refusal, denial, rejection," a back-formation from the past participle of refuser (see refuse (v.)). As an adjective from late 14c., "despised, rejected;" early 15c., "of low quality."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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