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reign

[reyn] /reɪn/
noun
1.
the period during which a sovereign occupies the throne.
2.
royal rule or authority; sovereignty.
3.
dominating power or influence:
the reign of law.
verb (used without object)
4.
to possess or exercise sovereign power or authority.
5.
to hold the position and name of sovereign without exercising the ruling power.
6.
to have control, rule, or influence of any kind.
7.
to predominate; be prevalent.
Origin
1225-1275
1225-75; (noun) Middle English reine, regne < Old French reigne < Latin rēgnum realm, reign, derivative of rēg- (stem of rēx) king; (v.) Middle English reinen, regnen < Old French reignier < Latin rēgnāre, derivative of rēgnum
Related forms
interreign, verb (used without object)
nonreigning, adjective
outreign, verb (used with object)
unreigning, adjective
Can be confused
rain, reign, rein.
Synonyms
2. dominion, suzerainty. 4. rule, govern, prevail.
Antonyms
4. obey.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for reigns
  • One reigns only if one is a monarch exercising sovereign power.
  • The difference was in who held the reigns of power in various parts of the nation.
  • Confusion reigns, much of it placed at the doorstep of the politicians.
  • Compare that to buying an airline ticket, where the free market reigns.
  • He takes the reigns of an already incredibly successful retail empire.
  • Nostalgia reigns at the floating chamber-music series this week.
  • When panic reigns, investors pour into dollars and dollar securities.
  • Instead the party reigns supreme in this parallel structure, as it does on the national scale.
  • Orderly chaos reigns on the factory floor, a blur of flying hands and whirring sewing machines.
  • Free expression reigns under the current regime for registering web addresses.
British Dictionary definitions for reigns

reign

/reɪn/
noun
1.
the period during which a monarch is the official ruler of a country
2.
a period during which a person or thing is dominant, influential, or powerful the reign of violence is over
verb (intransitive)
3.
to exercise the power and authority of a sovereign
4.
to be accorded the rank and title of a sovereign without having ruling authority, as in a constitutional monarchy
5.
to predominate; prevail a land where darkness reigns
6.
(usually present participle) to be the most recent winner of a competition, contest, etc the reigning heavyweight champion
Usage note
Reign is sometimes wrongly written for rein in certain phrases: he gave full rein (not reign) to his feelings; it will be necessary to rein in (not reign in) public spending
Word Origin
C13: from Old French reigne, from Latin rēgnum kingdom, from rēx king
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for reigns
reign
early 13c., "kingdom," from O.Fr. reigne, from L. regnum "kingship, dominion, rule, realm," related to regere (see regal). Meaning "period of rule" first recorded mid-14c. The verb, meaning "to hold or exercise sovereign power," is attested from late 13c., from O.Fr. regner, from L. regnare, from regnum.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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7
9
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