the belief that the soul, upon death of the body, comes back to earth in another body or form.
rebirth of the soul in a new body.
a new incarnation or embodiment, as of a person.

1855–60; re- + incarnation

reincarnationist, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
reincarnation (ˌriːɪnkɑːˈneɪʃən)
1.  the belief that on the death of the body the soul transmigrates to or is born again in another body
2.  the incarnation or embodiment of a soul in a new body after it has left the old one at physical death
3.  embodiment again in a new form, as of a principle or idea
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1858, from re- "back, again" + incarnation (q.v.). The verb reincarnate also is attested from 1858.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

reincarnation definition

Being reborn in another body. Several religions, including Hinduism, believe that the human spirit returns to Earth in different forms again and again as it strives for perfection.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
There is a fatal recurrence of existence, for life tends ever to create the conditions of its own reincarnation and continuance.
If you go for the former option then you're heading towards a view akin to that of those who believe in reincarnation.
The typical neural protein only lasts for a few weeks, the cortex in a constant state of reincarnation.
In this story, flying can be said to represent the idea of the afterlife or even reincarnation.
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