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reinforcement

[ree-in-fawrs-muh nt, -fohrs-] /ˌri ɪnˈfɔrs mənt, -ˈfoʊrs-/
noun
1.
the act of reinforcing.
2.
the state of being reinforced.
3.
something that reinforces or strengthens.
4.
Often, reinforcements. an additional supply of personnel, ships, aircraft, etc., for a military force.
5.
a system of steel bars, strands, wires, or mesh for absorbing the tensile and shearing stresses in concrete work.
6.
Psychology.
  1. a procedure, as a reward or punishment, that alters a response to a stimulus.
  2. the act of reinforcing a response.
Origin
1600-1610
1600-10; reinforce + -ment
Related forms
nonreinforcement, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for reinforcement
  • Animal trainers have long known that positive reinforcement is more effective than negative methods.
  • If it is learned, then it can be unlearned by reinforcement.
  • Micro-suede shoulder patches add extra reinforcement against wear from pack straps.
  • Cholesterol is vascular reinforcement as a direct result of inflammation.
  • It has fat steel tubes which have extra reinforcement where they join.
  • Steel reinforcement bars twist out of the walls, inside and outside.
  • First, there is the immediate problem of reinforcement.
  • Make sure you know about being the pack leader and use positive reinforcement.
  • Contemporary theories of reinforcement learning are rooted in the dopaminergic reward system.
  • Change the lack of good structural steel reinforcement in walls, columns and ceilings.
reinforcement in Medicine

reinforcement re·in·force·ment (rē'ĭn-fôrs'mənt)
n.

  1. The act or process of reinforcing.

  2. Something that reinforces.

  3. The occurrence or experimental introduction of an unconditioned stimulus along with a conditioned stimulus.

  4. The strengthening of a conditioned response by such means.

  5. An event, a circumstance, or a condition that increases the likelihood that a given response will recur in a situation like that in which the reinforcing condition originally occurred.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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