reisolate

isolate

[v. ahy-suh-leyt; n., adj. ahy-suh-lit, -leyt]
verb (used with object), isolated, isolating.
1.
to set or place apart; detach or separate so as to be alone.
2.
Medicine/Medical. to keep (an infected person) from contact with noninfected persons; quarantine.
3.
Chemistry, Bacteriology. to obtain (a substance or microorganism) in an uncombined or pure state.
4.
Electricity. to insulate.
5.
Television. to single out (a person, action, etc.) for a camera closeup.
noun
6.
a person, thing, or group that is set apart or isolated, as for purposes of study.
7.
Psychology. a person, often shy or lacking in social skills, who avoids the company of others and has no friends within a group.
8.
Biology. an inbreeding population that is isolated from similar populations by physiological, behavioral, or geographic barriers.
9.
Also called language isolate. Linguistics. a language with no demonstrable genetic relationship, as Basque.
10.
something that has been isolated, as a by-product in a manufacturing process: an isolate of soy flour.
adjective
11.
isolated; alone.

Origin:
1800–10; back formation from isolated

isolator, noun
reisolate, verb (used with object), reisolated, reisolating.
unisolate, verb (used with object), unisolated, unisolating.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
isolate
 
vb
1.  to place apart; cause to be alone
2.  med to quarantine (a person or animal) having or suspected of having a contagious disease
3.  to obtain (a compound) in an uncombined form
4.  to obtain pure cultures of (bacteria, esp those causing a particular disease)
5.  electronics to prevent interaction between (circuits, components, etc); insulate
 
n
6.  an isolated person or group
 
[C19: back formation from isolated, via Italian from Latin insulātus, literally: made into an island; see insulate]
 
'isolable
 
adj
 
isola'bility
 
n
 
'isolator
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

isolate
1807, a new formation from isolated (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

isolate i·so·late (ī'sə-lāt')
v. i·so·lat·ed, i·so·lat·ing, i·so·lates

  1. To set apart or cut off from others.

  2. To place in quarantine.

  3. To separate a pure strain from a mixed bacterial or fungal culture.

  4. To separate or remove a chemical substance out of a combined mixture.

  5. To separate experiences or memories from the emotions relating to them.

n. (-lĭt, -lāt')
A bacterial or fungal strain that has been isolated.
i'so·la'tor n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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