relief-printing

relief

2 [ri-leef]
noun
1.
prominence, distinctness, or vividness due to contrast.
2.
the projection of a figure or part from the ground or plane on which it is formed, as in sculpture or similar work.
3.
a piece or work in such projection.
4.
an apparent projection of parts in a painting, drawing, etc., giving the appearance of the third dimension.
5.
Physical Geography. the differences in elevation and slope between the higher and lower parts of the land surface of a given area.
6.
Also called relief printing. Printing. any printing process, as letterpress or flexography, in which the printing ink is transferred to paper or another printed surface from areas that are higher than the rest of the block.

Origin:
1600–10; < French relief and Italian rilievo; see relief1

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World English Dictionary
relief (rɪˈliːf)
 
n
1.  a feeling of cheerfulness or optimism that follows the removal of anxiety, pain, or distress: I breathed a sigh of relief
2.  deliverance from or alleviation of anxiety, pain, distress, etc
3.  a.  help or assistance, as to the poor, needy, or distressed
 b.  (as modifier): relief work
4.  short for tax relief
5.  something that affords a diversion from monotony
6.  a person who replaces or relieves another at some task or duty
7.  a bus, shuttle plane, etc, that carries additional passengers when a scheduled service is full
8.  a road (relief road) carrying traffic round an urban area; bypass
9.  a.  the act of freeing a beleaguered town, fortress, etc: the relief of Mafeking
 b.  (as modifier): a relief column
10.  sculpture, architect relievo, Also called: rilievo
 a.  the projection of forms or figures from a flat ground, so that they are partly or wholly free of it
 b.  a piece of work of this kind
11.  a printing process, such as engraving, letterpress, etc, that employs raised surfaces from which ink is transferred to the paper
12.  any vivid effect resulting from contrast: comic relief
13.  variation in altitude in an area; difference between highest and lowest level: a region of low relief
14.  mechanical engineering the removal of the surface material of a bearing area to allow the access of lubricating fluid
15.  law redress of a grievance or hardship: to seek relief through the courts
16.  European history a succession of payments made by an heir to a fief to his lord: the size of the relief was determined by the lord within bounds set by custom
17.  (US), (Canadian) on relief (of a person) in receipt of government aid because of personal need
 
[C14: from Old French, from relever to raise up; see relieve]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

relief
"ease, alleviation," early 14c., from Anglo-Fr. relif, from O.Fr. relief "assistance," lit. "a raising, that which is lifted," from stressed stem of relever (see relieve). Meaning "aid to impoverished persons" is attested from c.1400; that of "deliverance of a besieged town" is from 1540s.

relief
"projection of figure or design from a flat surface," 1606, from It. rilievo, from rilevare "to raise," from L. relevare "to raise, lighten" (see relieve).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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