|Renaissance (rəˈneɪsəns, US ˈrɛnəˌsɒns)|
|1.||the Renaissance the period of European history marking the waning of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world: usually considered as beginning in Italy in the 14th century|
|2.||a. the spirit, culture, art, science, and thought of this period. Characteristics of the Renaissance are usually considered to include intensified classical scholarship, scientific and geographical discovery, a sense of individual human potentialities, and the assertion of the active and secular over the religious and contemplative life|
|b. Early Renaissance See also High Renaissance (as modifier): Renaissance writers|
|3.||of, characteristic of, or relating to the Renaissance, its culture, etc|
The cultural rebirth that occurred in Europe from roughly the fourteenth through the middle of the seventeenth centuries, based on the rediscovery of the literature of Greece and Rome. During the Renaissance, America was discovered, and the Reformation began; modern times are often considered to have begun with the Renaissance. Major figures of the Renaissance include Galileo, William Shakespeare, Leonardo da Vinci, and Michelangelo. Renaissance means “rebirth” or “reawakening.”
Note: The term renaissance is often used to describe any revival or rediscovery.