1 [rent]
a payment made periodically by a tenant to a landlord in return for the use of land, a building, an apartment, an office, or other property.
a payment or series of payments made by a lessee to an owner in return for the use of machinery, equipment, etc.
Economics. the excess of the produce or return yielded by a given piece of cultivated land over the cost of production; the yield from a piece of land or real estate.
profit or return derived from any differential advantage in production.
Obsolete. revenue or income.
verb (used with object)
to grant the possession and enjoyment of (property, machinery, etc.) in return for the payment of rent from the tenant or lessee. (often followed by out ).
to take and hold (property, machinery, etc.) in return for the payment of rent to the landlord or owner.
verb (used without object)
to be leased or let for rent: This apartment rents cheaply.
to lease or let property.
to take possession of and use property by paying rent: She rents from a friend.
for rent, available to be rented, as a home or store: an apartment for rent.

1125–75; (noun) Middle English rente < Old French < Vulgar Latin *rendita, feminine past participle of *rendere (see render1); (v.) Middle English renten < Old French renter, derivative of rente

rentability, noun
rentable, adjective
unrentable, adjective

7. lease, let. See hire. Unabridged


2 [rent]
an opening made by rending or tearing; slit; fissure.
a breach of relations or union between individuals or groups; schism.
simple past tense and past participle of rend.

1325–75 for v. sense; 1525–35 for def 1; Middle English; see rend

1. tear, split, rift, cleft, rip, rupture, fracture. 2. division, separation.


verb (used with object), rent, rending.
to separate into parts with force or violence: The storm rent the ship to pieces.
to tear apart, split, or divide: a racial problem that is rending the nation.
to pull or tear violently (often followed by away, off, up, etc.).
to tear (one's garments or hair) in grief, rage, etc.
to disturb (the air) sharply with loud noise.
to harrow or distress (the heart) with painful feelings.
verb (used without object), rent, rending.
to split or tear something.
to become torn or split.

before 950; Middle English renden, Old English rendan; cognate with Old Frisian renda

rendible, adjective

2. rive, sunder, sever, cleave, chop, fracture, rupture. See tear2. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
rend (rɛnd)
vb , rends, rending, rent
1.  to tear with violent force or to be torn in this way; rip
2.  (tr) to tear or pull (one's clothes, etc), esp as a manifestation of rage or grief
3.  (tr) (of a noise or cry) to disturb (the air, silence, etc) with a shrill or piercing tone
4.  (tr) to pain or distress (the heart, conscience, etc)
[Old English rendan; related to Old Frisian renda]

rent1 (rɛnt)
1.  a payment made periodically by a tenant to a landlord or owner for the occupation or use of land, buildings, or by a user for the use of other property, such as a telephone
2.  economics
 a.  that portion of the national income accruing to owners of land and real property
 b.  the return derived from the cultivation of land in excess of production costs
 c.  See economic rent
3.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) for rent available for use and occupation subject to the payment of rent
vb (often foll by at)
4.  (tr) to grant (a person) the right to use one's property in return for periodic payments
5.  (tr) to occupy or use (property) in return for periodic payments
6.  to be let or rented (for a specified rental)
[C12: from Old French rente revenue, from Vulgar Latin rendere (unattested) to yield; see render]

rent2 (rɛnt)
1.  a slit or opening made by tearing or rending; tear
2.  a breach or division, as in relations
3.  the past tense and past participle of rend

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. rendon "to tear, cut," from W.Gmc. *randijanan (cf. O.Fris. renda "to cut, break," M.L.G. rende "anything broken"), related to rind. Not found in other Gmc. languages.

"payment for use of property," mid-12c., from O.Fr. rente, from V.L. *rendita, properly the fem. pp. of rendere "to render" (see render). The verb is attested from mid-14c., from the noun. Rental (n.) "thing let out for rent" is recorded from 1952, Amer.Eng. Prefix rent-a-
first attested 1921, mainly of businesses that rented various makes of car (Rentacar is a trademark registered in U.S. 1924); extended to other "temporary" uses since 1961.

"torn place," 1530s, noun use of M.E. renten "to tear, rend" (mid-14c.), variant of renden (see rend).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Rent definition

(Isa. 3:24), probably a rope, as rendered in the LXX. and Vulgate and Revised Version, or as some prefer interpreting the phrase, "girdle and robe are torn [i.e., are 'a rent'] by the hand of violence."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
He uses an index of average house prices and the imputed rent paid by
  owner-occupiers that goes into the consumer-price index.
For tenants, writing the monthly rent check is usually a mundane task.
If you have to rent the book, then the book to me is not worth the quality to
  be used.
One such is its proposal to impose a retrospective ban on upward-only rent
  reviews on commercial-property leases.
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