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repel

[ri-pel] /rɪˈpɛl/
verb (used with object), repelled, repelling.
1.
to drive or force back (an assailant, invader, etc.).
2.
to thrust back or away.
3.
to resist effectively (an attack, onslaught, etc.).
4.
to keep off or out; fail to mix with:
Water and oil repel each other.
5.
to resist the absorption or passage of (water or other liquid):
This coat repels rain.
6.
to refuse to have to do with; resist involvement in:
to repel temptation.
7.
to refuse to accept or admit; reject:
to repel a suggestion.
8.
to discourage the advances of (a person):
He repelled me with his harshness.
9.
to cause distaste or aversion in:
Their untidy appearance repelled us.
10.
to push back or away by a force, as one body acting upon another (opposed to attract):
The north pole of one magnet will repel the north pole of another.
verb (used without object), repelled, repelling.
11.
to act with a force that drives or keeps away something.
12.
to cause distaste or aversion.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English repellen < Latin repellere to drive back, equivalent to re- re- + pellere to drive, push; see repulse
Related forms
repellence, repellency, noun
repeller, noun
repellingly, adverb
repellingness, noun
nonrepellence, noun
nonrepellency, noun
nonrepeller, noun
self-repellency, noun
unrepelled, adjective
Synonyms
1. repulse, parry, ward off. 3. withstand, oppose, rebuff. 7. decline, rebuff.
Antonyms
1. attract.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for repelled
  • Your buyers are repelled and cannot imagine living in your house.
  • Some materials-diamagnetic materials-are repelled by a magnetic field.
  • Proteins are made up of amino acids, some that are attracted to water, others that are repelled by water.
  • As a result, tourists are not repelled as once they were, but instead enjoy city sight-seeing.
  • Among those insects that may be repelled by red pepper are aphids, lace bugs, cabbage maggots and spider mites.
  • Observers were charmed or repelled, sometimes charmed and repelled.
  • The mystical reveries of saints that had once filled him with awe in the still hours of night, now vaguely repelled him.
  • His pugnacity fascinated and repelled people in equal measure.
  • Since then, it has successfully repelled all boarders.
  • Alternatively, because both bacteria and polymers are repelled by water they may be pushed together by this joint repulsion.
British Dictionary definitions for repelled

repel

/rɪˈpɛl/
verb (mainly transitive) -pels, -pelling, -pelled
1.
to force or drive back (something or somebody, esp an attacker)
2.
(also intransitive) to produce a feeling of aversion or distaste in (someone or something); be disgusting (to)
3.
to push aside; dismiss: he repelled the suggestion as wrong and impossible
4.
to be effective in keeping away, controlling, or resisting: an aerosol spray that repels flies
5.
to have no affinity for; fail to mix with or absorb: water and oil repel each other
6.
to disdain to accept (something); turn away from or spurn: she repelled his advances
7.
(also intransitive) to exert an opposing force on (something): an electric charge repels another charge of the same sign
Derived Forms
repeller, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin repellere, from re- + pellere to push, drive
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for repelled

repel

v.

early 15c., "to drive away, remove," from Old French repeller or directly from Latin repellere "to drive back," from re- "back" (see re-) + pellere "to drive, strike" (see pulse (n.1)). Meaning "to affect (a person) with distaste or aversion" is from 1817. Related: Repelled; repelling.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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