republic the philippines

Philippines

[fil-uh-peenz, fil-uh-peenz]
noun (used with a plural verb)
an archipelago of 7083 islands in the Pacific, SE of China: formerly (1898–1946) under the guardianship of the U.S.; now an independent republic. 114,830 sq. mi. (297,410 sq. km). Capital: Manila.
Also called Philippine Islands.
Formerly (1935–46) Commonwealth of the Philippines.
Official name Republic of the Philippines.
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World English Dictionary
Philippines (ˈfɪlɪˌpiːnz, ˌfɪlɪˈpiːnz)
 
n
(functioning as singular) Republic of the Philippines a republic in SE Asia, occupying an archipelago of about 7100 islands (including Luzon, Mindanao, Samar, and Negros): became a Spanish colony in 1571 but ceded to the US in 1898 after the Spanish-American War; gained independence in 1946. The islands are generally mountainous and volcanic. Official languages: Filipino, based on Tagalog, and English. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: peso. Capital: Manila. Pop: 81 408 000 (2004 est). Area: 300 076 sq km (115 860 sq miles)Related: Filipino
 
Related: Filipino

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Cultural Dictionary

Philippines definition


Republic in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, comprising over seven thousand islands. Its capital and largest city is Manila.

Note: The Spanish held control of the islands until 1898, when they were transferred to the United States after the Spanish-American War.
Note: Named for Philip II, king of Spain during the sixteenth century.
Note: Occupied by the Japanese during World War II, the islands were liberated by Allied troops under General Douglas MacArthur.
Note: Although Philippine independence had long been an important political issue, the country did not gain full independence until 1946.
Note: The country was under the virtual dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos from 1965 until 1986, when he was forced into exile in the United States.
Note: It continues to be plagued by allegations of corruption in high places and by a Muslim insurgency.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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