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repudiate

[ri-pyoo-dee-eyt] /rɪˈpyu diˌeɪt/
verb (used with object), repudiated, repudiating.
1.
to reject as having no authority or binding force:
to repudiate a claim.
2.
to cast off or disown:
to repudiate a son.
3.
to reject with disapproval or condemnation:
to repudiate a new doctrine.
4.
to reject with denial:
to repudiate a charge as untrue.
5.
to refuse to acknowledge and pay (a debt), as a state, municipality, etc.
Origin
1535-1545
1535-45; < Latin repudiātus (past participle of repudiāre to reject, refuse), equivalent to repudi(um) a casting off, divorce (re- re- + pud(ere) to make ashamed, feel shame (see pudendum) + -ium -ium) + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
repudiable, adjective
repudiative, adjective
repudiator, noun
nonrepudiable, adjective
nonrepudiative, adjective
unrepudiable, adjective
unrepudiated, adjective
unrepudiative, adjective
Can be confused
repudiate, refute, refudiate (see word story at refudiate)
Synonyms
1. disavow, renounce, discard, disclaim. 3. condemn, disapprove.
Antonyms
1. accept. 3. approve.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for repudiate
  • To affirm this as a psychiatric malady is to repudiate the principles of science itself.
  • Our leaders-and would-be leaders-should repudiate this sort of fatalism.
  • Before me now is plaintiff's motion to repudiate the settlement agreement.
British Dictionary definitions for repudiate

repudiate

/rɪˈpjuːdɪˌeɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to reject the authority or validity of; refuse to accept or ratify: Congress repudiated the treaty that the President had negotiated
2.
to refuse to acknowledge or pay (a debt)
3.
to cast off or disown (a son, lover, etc)
Derived Forms
repudiable, adjective
repudiation, noun
repudiative, adjective
repudiator, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin repudiāre to put away, from repudium a separation, divorce, from re- + pudēre to be ashamed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for repudiate
v.

1540s, "to cast off by divorce," from Latin repudiatus, past participle of repudiare "to cast off, put away, divorce, reject, scorn, disdain," from repudium "divorce, rejection, a putting away, dissolution of marriage," from re- "back, away" (see re-) + pudium, probably related to pes-/ped- "foot" [Barnhart]. If this is so, the original notion may be of kicking something away, but folk etymology commonly connects it with pudere "cause shame to." Of opinions, conduct, etc., "to refuse to acknowledge," attested from 1824. Earliest in English as an adjective meaning "divorced, rejected, condemned" (mid-15c.). Related: Repudiated; repudiating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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