a person who resides in a place.
a physician who joins the medical staff of a hospital as a salaried employee for a specified period to gain advanced training usually in a particular field, being in full-time attendance at the hospital and often living on the premises.
a diplomatic representative, inferior in rank to an ambassador, residing at a foreign court.
(formerly) a representative of the British governor general at a native court in India.
(formerly) the governor of a residency in the Dutch East Indies.
residing; dwelling in a place.
living or staying at a place in discharge of duty.
(of qualities) existing; intrinsic.
(of birds) not migratory.
encoded and permanently available to a computer user, as a font in a printer's ROM or software on a CD-ROM.
(of a computer program) currently active or standing by in computer memory.

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin resident- (stem of residēns), present participle of residēre to reside; see -ent

residentship, noun
pseudoresident, adjective
unresident, adjective

citizen, resident. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
resident (ˈrɛzɪdənt)
1.  a person who resides in a place
2.  social welfare Former name: inmate an occupant of a welfare agency home
3.  (esp formerly) a representative of the British government in a British protectorate
4.  (esp in the 17th century) a diplomatic representative ranking below an ambassador
5.  (in India, formerly) a representative of the British governor general at the court of a native prince
6.  a bird or other animal that does not migrate
7.  (US), (Canadian) Compare house physician a physician who lives in the hospital where he or she works while undergoing specialist training after completing his or her internship
8.  (Brit), (NZ) a junior doctor, esp a house officer, who lives in the hospital in which he or she works
9.  living in a place; residing
10.  living or staying at a place in order to discharge a duty, etc
11.  (of qualities, characteristics, etc) existing or inherent (in)
12.  (of birds and other animals) not in the habit of migrating

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

resident res·i·dent (rěz'ĭ-dənt, -děnt')
A physician during residency.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
There, with residents running their dogs along the dunes, it's easy to
  understand how such natural opulence fuels inspiration.
What may have been a comet causes electrical circuits to come alive and leaves
  residents worrying about radioactivity.
Residents take enormous pride in their golf cart rides, many of which are
There's a pioneer cemetery on the edge of town, where its first residents are
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