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residual

[ri-zij-oo-uh l] /rɪˈzɪdʒ u əl/
adjective
1.
pertaining to or constituting a residue or remainder; remaining; leftover.
2.
Mathematics.
  1. formed by the subtraction of one quantity from another:
    a residual quantity.
  2. (of a set) having complement of first category.
3.
of or relating to the payment of residuals.
4.
Medicine/Medical. remaining in an organ or part following normal discharge or expulsion:
residual air.
5.
Geology. remaining after the soluble elements have been dissolved:
residual soil.
noun
6.
a residual quantity; remainder.
7.
Often, residuals. something that remains to discomfort or disable a person following an illness, injury, operation, or the like; disability:
His residuals are a weak heart and light-headedness.
8.
Mathematics.
  1. the deviation of one of a set of observations or numbers from the mean of the set.
  2. the deviation between an empirical and a theoretical result.
9.
Navigation. a slight deviation of an adjusted compass on a certain heading.
10.
Usually, residuals. additional pay given to a performer for reruns, repeated use of a film, radio or TV commercial, or the like, in which the performer appears.
Origin
1550-1560
1550-60; < Latin residu(um) what is left over (noun use of neuter of residuus left over, equivalent to resid(ēre) to be left over, literally, remain seated (see reside) + -uus deverbal adj. suffix) + -al1
Related forms
nonresidual, adjective, noun
unresidual, adjective
Can be confused
residual, residue.
Synonyms
1. continuing, lasting, enduring, lingering.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for residual
  • Some may see a design with some residual stigma left over from the previous version.
  • Any remainder is known as residual credits and cannot be collected.
  • residual type where positive symptoms are present at a low intensity only.
  • residual particulates from sanding should be thoroughly cleaned from pieces.
British Dictionary definitions for residual

residual

/rɪˈzɪdjʊəl/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or designating a residue or remainder; remaining; left over
2.
(of deposits, soils, etc) formed by the weathering of pre-existing rocks and the removal of disintegrated material
3.
of or relating to the payment of residuals
noun
4.
something left over as a residue; remainder
5.
(statistics)
  1. the difference between the mean of a set of observations and one particular observation
  2. the difference between the numerical value of one particular observation and the theoretical result
6.
(often pl) payment made to an actor, actress, musician, etc, for subsequent use of film in which the person appears
Derived Forms
residually, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for residual
adj.

1560s, from residue + -al (1), or from French résiduel, from Latin residuum.

n.

1550s, in mathematics, from residual (adj.) or from residue + -al (2). Residuals "royalties" attested by 1960.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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residual in Medicine

residual re·sid·u·al (rĭ-zĭj'ōō-əl)
adj.

  1. Of, relating to, or characteristic of a residue.

  2. Remaining as a residue.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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