rest

1 [rest]
noun
1.
the refreshing quiet or repose of sleep: a good night's rest.
2.
refreshing ease or inactivity after exertion or labor: to allow an hour for rest.
3.
relief or freedom, especially from anything that wearies, troubles, or disturbs.
4.
a period or interval of inactivity, repose, solitude, or tranquillity: to go away for a rest.
5.
mental or spiritual calm; tranquillity.
6.
the repose of death: eternal rest.
7.
cessation or absence of motion: to bring a machine to rest.
8.
Music.
a.
an interval of silence between tones.
b.
a mark or sign indicating it.
9.
Prosody. a short pause within a line; caesura.
10.
a place that provides shelter or lodging for travelers, as an inn.
11.
any stopping or resting place: a roadside rest for weary hikers.
12.
a piece or thing for something to rest on: a hand rest.
13.
a supporting device; support.
14.
Billiards, Pool. bridge1 ( def 14 ).
verb (used without object)
15.
to refresh oneself, as by sleeping, lying down, or relaxing.
16.
to relieve weariness by cessation of exertion or labor.
17.
to be at ease; have tranquillity or peace.
18.
to repose in death.
19.
to be quiet or still.
20.
to cease from motion, come to rest; stop.
21.
to become or remain inactive.
22.
to stay as is or remain without further action or notice: to let a matter rest.
23.
to lie, sit, lean, or be set: His arm rested on the table.
24.
Agriculture. to lie fallow or unworked: to let land rest.
25.
to be imposed as a burden or responsibility (usually followed by on or upon ).
26.
to rely (usually followed by on or upon ).
27.
to be based or founded (usually followed by on or upon ).
28.
to be found; belong; reside (often followed by with ): The blame rests with them.
29.
to be present; dwell; linger (usually followed by on or upon ): A sunbeam rests upon the altar.
30.
to be fixed or directed on something, as the eyes, a gaze, etc.
31.
Law. to terminate voluntarily the introduction of evidence in a case.
verb (used with object)
32.
to give rest to; refresh with rest: to rest oneself.
33.
to lay or place for rest, ease, or support: to rest one's back against a tree.
34.
to direct (as the eyes): to rest one's eyes on someone.
35.
to base, or let depend, as on some ground of reliance.
36.
to bring to rest; halt; stop.
37.
Law. to terminate voluntarily the introduction of evidence on: to rest one's case.
Idioms
38.
at rest,
a.
in a state of repose, as in sleep.
b.
dead.
c.
quiescent; inactive; not in motion: the inertia of an object at rest.
d.
free from worry; tranquil: Nothing could put his mind at rest.
39.
lay to rest,
a.
to inter (a dead body); bury: He was laid to rest last Thursday.
b.
to allay, suppress, or appease.

Origin:
before 900; (noun) Middle English, Old English; akin to German Rast; (v.) Middle English resten, Old English restan; akin to German rasten

rester, noun


7. stop, halt, standstill.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

rest

2 [rest]
noun
1.
the part that is left or remains; remainder: The rest of the students are in the corridor.
2.
the others: All the rest are going.
3.
British Banking. surplus ( defs 1, 2 ).
verb (used without object)
4.
to continue to be; remain as specified: Rest assured that all is well.

Origin:
1375–1425; (v.) late Middle English resten to remain due or unpaid < Middle French rester to remain < Latin restāre to remain standing, equivalent to re- re- + stāre to stand; (noun) late Middle English < Middle French reste, noun derivative of rester

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
rest1 (rɛst)
 
n
1.  a.  relaxation from exertion or labour
 b.  (as modifier): a rest period
2.  repose; sleep
3.  any relief or refreshment, as from worry or something troublesome
4.  calm; tranquillity
5.  death regarded as repose: eternal rest
6.  cessation from motion
7.  at rest
 a.  not moving; still
 b.  calm; tranquil
 c.  dead
 d.  asleep
8.  a pause or interval
9.  a mark in a musical score indicating a pause of specific duration
10.  prosody a pause in or at the end of a line; caesura
11.  a shelter or lodging: a seaman's rest
12.  a thing or place on which to put something for support or to steady it; prop
13.  billiards, snooker any of various special poles used as supports for the cue in shots that cannot be made using the hand as a support
14.  come to rest to slow down and stop
15.  lay to rest to bury (a dead person)
16.  set someone's mind at rest to reassure someone or settle someone's mind
 
vb
17.  to take or give rest, as by sleeping, lying down, etc
18.  to place or position (oneself, etc) for rest or relaxation
19.  (tr) to place or position for support or steadying: to rest one's elbows on the table
20.  (intr) to be at ease; be calm
21.  to cease or cause to cease from motion or exertion; halt
22.  to lie dead and buried
23.  (intr) to remain without further attention or action: let the matter rest
24.  to direct (one's eyes) or (of one's eyes) to be directed: her eyes rested on the sleeping child
25.  to depend or cause to depend; base; rely: the whole argument rests on one crucial fact
26.  to place or be placed, as blame, censure, etc
27.  to put pastry in a cool place to allow the gluten to contract
28.  (intr; foll by with, on, upon, etc) to be a responsibility (of): it rests with us to apportion blame
29.  law to finish the introduction of evidence in (a case)
30.  rest on one's laurels See laurel
31.  rest on one's oars
 a.  to stop rowing for a time
 b.  to stop doing anything for a time
 
[Old English ræst, reste, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic rasta a mile, Old Norse röst mile]
 
'rester1
 
n

rest2 (rɛst)
 
n
1.  something left or remaining; remainder
2.  the others: the rest of the world
 
vb
3.  (copula) to continue to be (as specified); remain: rest assured
 
[C15: from Old French rester to remain, from Latin rēstāre, from re- + stāre to stand]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

rest
"sleep," O.E. ræste, reste "rest, bed, intermission of labor, mental peace," from P.Gmc. *rastjo, *rasto. Original sense seems to be a measure of distance (cf. O.H.G. rasta "league of miles," O.N. rost "league, distance after which one rests," Gothic rasta "mile, stage of a journey"), perhaps a
word from the nomadic period. The meaning "support, thing upon which something rests" is attested from 1590. The verb is O.E. ræstan, restan "to rest." At rest "dead" is from 1338. Rest room first attested 1899; rest stop is from 1973. Rested "refreshed by sleep" is attested from c.1400. Phrase rest you merry is from 1548 (God rest you merry, gentlemen, often is mis-punctuated). Colloquial expression to give (something) a rest "to stop talking about it" is first recorded 1927, Amer.Eng.

rest
"remainder," c.1420, from M.Fr. reste "remnant," from rester "to remain," from L. restare "stand back, be left," from re- "back" + stare "to stand" (see stet). Related M.E. verb resten (1463) is in rest assured.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

rest (rěst)
n.

  1. Cessation of work, exertion, or activity.

  2. peace, ease, or refreshment resulting from sleep or the cessation of an activity.

  3. Sleep or quiet relaxation.

  4. Mental or emotional tranquillity.

  5. A device used as a support, as for the back.

  6. A group of embryonic cells or a portion of fetal tissue that has become displaced during development.

  7. An extension from a prosthesis that gives vertical support to a dental restoration.

v. rest·ed, rest·ing, rests
  1. To cease motion, work, or activity.

  2. To lie down, especially to sleep.

  3. To be supported or based; lie, lean, or sit.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Rest definition


(1.) Gr. katapausis, equivalent to the Hebrew word _noah_ (Heb. 4:1). (2.) Gr. anapausis, "rest from weariness" (Matt. 11:28). (3.) Gr. anesis, "relaxation" (2 Thess. 1:7). (4.) Gr. sabbatismos, a Sabbath rest, a rest from all work (Heb. 4:9; R.V., "sabbath"), a rest like that of God when he had finished the work of creation.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
PC, however, has never rested on its considerable laurels.
The trophy rested on a mantel in their family room, beside an oil painting.
For one thing, the data upon which their conclusion rested were held in
  confidence by the oil company.
Candle butts and an empty bottle rested in an altar niche carved in a boulder.
Matching Quote
"I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery; you shall have no other gods before me.
You shall not make for yourself an idol, whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me, but showing steadfast love to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments.
You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not acquit anyone who misuses his name.
Remember the sabbath day, and keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. But the seventh day is a sabbath to the LORD your God; you shall not do any work -you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the alien resident in your towns. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day and consecrated it.
Honor your father and your mother, so that your days may be long in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.
You shall not murder.
You shall not commit adultery.
You shall not steal.
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or male or female slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor."
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