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[ri-tahyuh r] /rɪˈtaɪər/
verb (used without object), retired, retiring.
to withdraw, or go away or apart, to a place of privacy, shelter, or seclusion:
He retired to his study.
to go to bed:
He retired at midnight.
to withdraw from office, business, or active life, usually because of age:
to retire at the age of sixty.
to fall back or retreat in an orderly fashion and according to plan, as from battle, an untenable position, danger, etc.
to withdraw or remove oneself:
After announcing the guests, the butler retired.
verb (used with object), retired, retiring.
to withdraw from circulation by taking up and paying, as bonds, bills, etc.; redeem.
to withdraw or lead back (troops, ships, etc.), as from battle or danger; retreat.
to remove from active service or the usual field of activity, as an army officer or business executive.
to withdraw (a machine, ship, etc.) permanently from its normal service, usually for scrapping; take out of use.
Sports. to put out (a batter, side, etc.).
noun, Literary.
a place of withdrawal; retreat:
a cool retire from summer's heat.
retirement or withdrawal, as from worldly matters or the company of others.
Origin of retire
1525-35; < Middle French retirer to withdraw, equivalent to re- re- + tirer to draw
Related forms
retirer, noun
5. leave, withdraw. See depart.


[French ruh-tee-rey] /French rə tiˈreɪ/
noun, plural retirés
[French ruh-tee-rey] /French rə tiˈreɪ/ (Show IPA).
a movement in which the dancer brings one foot to the knee of the supporting leg and then returns it to the fifth position.
< French, past participle of retirer to retire Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for retire
  • Those who have received the blessings retire with spiritual satisfaction.
  • The step is really great if you work at the building and have a rooftop garden to retire to during breaks and lunch.
  • If one threat is repeated, religion ritualizes it and in doing so maintain the awe while retire the fear of that threat.
  • But, once the observations show that this claim is false, scientists retire it and replace it with a different falsifiable claim.
  • Part of the problem is there aren't enough tenure track positions, but this is expected to change as the boomers retire.
  • He liked to rise late and retire early, to eat good things in a leisurely manner and to drink beer in the saloon.
  • The night watchman was sixty years old and wanted to retire.
  • As it was, he felt compelled to retire up the cañon until he could recover his gravity.
  • retire within thyself, and thou will discover how small a stock is there.
  • Some have deemed it prudent to retire for a time from practice.
British Dictionary definitions for retire


verb (mainly intransitive)
(also transitive) to give up or to cause (a person) to give up his work, a post, etc, esp on reaching pensionable age (in Britain and Australia usually 65 for men, 60 for women)
to go away, as into seclusion, for recuperation, etc
to go to bed
to recede or disappear: the sun retired behind the clouds
to withdraw from a sporting contest, esp because of injury
(also transitive) to pull back (troops, etc) from battle or an exposed position or (of troops, etc) to fall back
  1. to remove (bills, bonds, shares, etc) from circulation by taking them up and paying for them
  2. to remove (money) from circulation
Derived Forms
retirer, noun
Word Origin
C16: from French retirer, from Old French re- + tirer to pull, draw
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for retire

1530s, of armies, "to retreat," from Middle French retirer "to withdraw (something)," from re- "back" (see re-) + Old French tirer "to draw" (see tirade). Related: Retired; retiring.

Meaning "to withdraw" to some place, especially for the sake of privacy, is recorded from 1530s; sense of "leave an occupation" first attested 1640s (implied in retirement). Meaning "to leave company and go to bed" is from 1660s. Transitive sense is from 1540s, originally "withdraw, lead back" (troops, etc.); meaning "to remove from active service" is from 1680s. Baseball sense of "to put out" is recorded from 1874.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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