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[ri-tahyuh rd] /rɪˈtaɪərd/
withdrawn from or no longer occupied with one's business or profession:
a retired banker.
due or given a retired person:
retired pay.
secluded or sequestered:
a retired little village.
Origin of retired
1580-90; retire + -ed2
Related forms
retiredly, adverb
retiredness, noun
nonretired, adjective
quasi-retired, adjective
self-retired, adjective
semiretired, adjective
unretired, adjective
3. isolated, removed, solitary.


[ri-tahyuh r] /rɪˈtaɪər/
verb (used without object), retired, retiring.
to withdraw, or go away or apart, to a place of privacy, shelter, or seclusion:
He retired to his study.
to go to bed:
He retired at midnight.
to withdraw from office, business, or active life, usually because of age:
to retire at the age of sixty.
to fall back or retreat in an orderly fashion and according to plan, as from battle, an untenable position, danger, etc.
to withdraw or remove oneself:
After announcing the guests, the butler retired.
verb (used with object), retired, retiring.
to withdraw from circulation by taking up and paying, as bonds, bills, etc.; redeem.
to withdraw or lead back (troops, ships, etc.), as from battle or danger; retreat.
to remove from active service or the usual field of activity, as an army officer or business executive.
to withdraw (a machine, ship, etc.) permanently from its normal service, usually for scrapping; take out of use.
Sports. to put out (a batter, side, etc.).
noun, Literary.
a place of withdrawal; retreat:
a cool retire from summer's heat.
retirement or withdrawal, as from worldly matters or the company of others.
1525-35; < Middle French retirer to withdraw, equivalent to re- re- + tirer to draw
Related forms
retirer, noun
5. leave, withdraw. See depart. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for retired
  • My father lost his lower leg a year after he retired and planned to enjoy life fully by helping a neighbor cut a tree limb.
  • The volunteers were military personnel: active, reserve or retired, who volunteered for the tests.
  • They retired to their horses, and seemed to hold a council of war.
  • Much of the maintenance is augmented by retired volunteers.
  • My parents have retired there and soon some family members followed suit.
  • If borrowers earn a lot, their payments rise accordingly, and their loans are retired quickly.
  • The driver then was the need to provide support for the workers of the new industrial economy when they retired.
  • Other supervisors of my preference were semi-retired and were not allowed to take on a graduate student.
  • We help him year after year and now that we're retired, it's getting harder.
  • It's true that power plants, cars, and houses all have to be retired eventually and replaced.
British Dictionary definitions for retired


  1. having given up one's work, office, etc, esp on completion of the normal period of service: a retired headmistress
  2. (as collective noun; preceded by the): the retired
withdrawn; secluded: a retired life, a retired cottage in the woods


verb (mainly intransitive)
(also transitive) to give up or to cause (a person) to give up his work, a post, etc, esp on reaching pensionable age (in Britain and Australia usually 65 for men, 60 for women)
to go away, as into seclusion, for recuperation, etc
to go to bed
to recede or disappear: the sun retired behind the clouds
to withdraw from a sporting contest, esp because of injury
(also transitive) to pull back (troops, etc) from battle or an exposed position or (of troops, etc) to fall back
  1. to remove (bills, bonds, shares, etc) from circulation by taking them up and paying for them
  2. to remove (money) from circulation
Derived Forms
retirer, noun
Word Origin
C16: from French retirer, from Old French re- + tirer to pull, draw
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for retired

1580s, "separated from society or public notice," past participle adjective from retire (v.). Meaning "having given up business" is from 1824. Abbreviation ret'd. attested from 1942.



1530s, of armies, "to retreat," from Middle French retirer "to withdraw (something)," from re- "back" (see re-) + Old French tirer "to draw" (see tirade). Related: Retired; retiring.

Meaning "to withdraw" to some place, especially for the sake of privacy, is recorded from 1530s; sense of "leave an occupation" first attested 1640s (implied in retirement). Meaning "to leave company and go to bed" is from 1660s. Transitive sense is from 1540s, originally "withdraw, lead back" (troops, etc.); meaning "to remove from active service" is from 1680s. Baseball sense of "to put out" is recorded from 1874.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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