retract

1 [ri-trakt]
verb (used with object)
1.
to draw back or in: to retract fangs.
verb (used without object)
2.
to draw back within itself or oneself, fold up, or the like, or to be capable of doing this: The blade retracts.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English retracten < Latin retractus, past participle of retrahere to draw back, equivalent to re- re- + tractus (see tract1)

Dictionary.com Unabridged

retract

2 [ri-trakt]
verb (used with object)
1.
to withdraw (a statement, opinion, etc.) as inaccurate or unjustified, especially formally or explicitly; take back.
2.
to withdraw or revoke (a decree, promise, etc.).
verb (used without object)
3.
to draw or shrink back.
4.
to withdraw a promise, vow, etc.
5.
to make a disavowal of a statement, opinion, etc.; recant.

Origin:
1535–45; < Latin retractāre to reconsider, withdraw, equivalent to re- re- + tractāre to drag, pull, take in hand (frequentative of trahere to pull)

retractable, retractible, adjective
retractability, retractibility, noun
retractation [ree-trak-tey-shuhn] , noun
unretractable, adjective


1, 2. deny, renounce, recant, abrogate, nullify, annul.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
retract (rɪˈtrækt)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to draw in (a part or appendage): a snail can retract its horns; to retract the landing gear of an aircraft
2.  to withdraw (a statement, opinion, charge, etc) as invalid or unjustified
3.  to go back on (a promise or agreement)
4.  (intr) to shrink back, as in fear
5.  phonetics to modify the articulation of (a vowel) by bringing the tongue back away from the lips
 
[C16: from Latin retractāre to withdraw, from tractāre to pull, from trahere to drag]
 
re'tractable
 
adj
 
re'tractible
 
adj
 
retracta'bility
 
n
 
retractibility
 
n
 
retractation
 
n
 
re'tractive
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

retract
early 15c., "to draw (something) back;" see retraction. Sense of "to revoke, withdraw" is attested from 1540s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The cancer fund-raising charity has now apologized and retracted its decision.
Others have tried to do that and as the dialog progressed, inevitable retracted
  that view.
Each year hundreds of peer-reviewed scientific articles are retracted.
The premier's spokesman denied these claims and threatened legal action if they
  were not retracted.
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