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retrench

[ri-trench] /rɪˈtrɛntʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to cut down, reduce, or diminish; curtail (expenses).
2.
to cut off or remove.
3.
Military. to protect by a retrenchment.
verb (used without object)
4.
to economize; reduce expenses:
They retrenched by eliminating half of the workers.
Origin
1600-1610
1600-10; < French retrencher (obsolete variant of retrancher), Middle French retrenchier, equivalent to re- re- + trenchier to trench
Related forms
retrenchable, adjective
retrencher, noun
unretrenchable, adjective
unretrenched, adjective
Synonyms
1. decrease, abridge, cut.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for retrenched

retrench

/rɪˈtrɛntʃ/
verb
1.
to reduce or curtail (costs); economize
2.
(transitive) to shorten, delete, or abridge
3.
(transitive) to protect by a retrenchment
Derived Forms
retrenchable, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Old French retrenchier, from re- + trenchier to cut, from Latin truncāre to lop; see trench
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for retrenched

retrench

v.

1590s, "dig a new trench as a second line of defense," 1590s, probably a back-formation from retrenchment in the military sense. Related: Retrenched; retrenching.

"cut off, cut down, pare away" (expenses, etc.), 1620s, from obsolete French retrencher "to cut off, lessen, shorten" (Modern French retrancher, Old French retrenchier), from re- "back" (see re-) + Old French trenchier "to cut" (see trench). Related: Retrenched; retrenching.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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