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retrieve

[ri-treev] /rɪˈtriv/
verb (used with object), retrieved, retrieving.
1.
to recover or regain:
to retrieve the stray ball.
2.
to bring back to a former and better state; restore:
to retrieve one's fortunes.
3.
to make amends for:
to retrieve an error.
4.
to make good; repair:
to retrieve a loss.
5.
Hunting. (of hunting dogs) to fetch (killed or wounded game).
6.
to draw back or reel in (a fishing line).
7.
to rescue; save.
8.
(in tennis, squash, handball, etc.) to make an in-bounds return of (a shot requiring running with the hand extended).
9.
Computers. to locate and read (data) from storage, as for display on a monitor.
verb (used without object), retrieved, retrieving.
10.
Hunting. to retrieve game.
11.
to retrieve a fishing line.
noun
12.
an act of retrieving; recovery.
13.
the possibility of recovery.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English retreven < Middle French retroev-, retreuv-, tonic stem of retrouver to find again, equivalent to re- re- + trouver to find; see trover
Related forms
retrievable, adjective
retrievability, noun
nonretrievable, adjective
unretrievable, adjective
unretrieved, adjective
Synonyms
1. See recover.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for retrievable

retrieve

/rɪˈtriːv/
verb (mainly transitive)
1.
to get or fetch back again; recover: he retrieved his papers from various people's drawers
2.
to bring back to a more satisfactory state; revive
3.
to extricate from trouble or danger; rescue or save
4.
to recover or make newly available (stored information) from a computer system
5.
(also intransitive) (of a dog) to find and fetch (shot game)
6.
(tennis, squash, badminton) to return successfully (a shot difficult to reach)
7.
to recall; remember
noun
8.
the act of retrieving
9.
the chance of being retrieved
Derived Forms
retrievable, adjective
retrievability, noun
retrievably, adverb
Word Origin
C15: from Old French retrover, from re- + trouver to find, perhaps from Vulgar Latin tropāre (unattested) to compose; see trover, troubadour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for retrievable
adj.

1711, from retrieve + -able.

retrieve

v.

early 15c., retreve, originally in reference to dogs finding lost game, from Middle French retruev-, stem of Old French retreuver (Modern French retrouver) "find again, recover, meet again, recognize," from re- "again" (see re-) + trouver "to find," probably from Vulgar Latin *tropare "to compose" (see trove). Altered 16c. to retrive; modern form is from mid-17c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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