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retroflex

[re-truh-fleks] /ˈrɛ trəˌflɛks/
adjective
1.
bent backward; exhibiting retroflexion.
2.
Phonetics. articulated with the tip of the tongue curled upward and back against or near the juncture of the hard and soft palates; cacuminal; cerebral; coronal.
Also, retroflexed
[re-truh-flekst] /ˈrɛ trəˌflɛkst/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1910-1915
1910-15; < Latin retrōflexus (past participle of retrōflectere to bend back). See retro-, flex1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for retro-flex

retroflex

/ˈrɛtrəʊˌflɛks/
adjective
1.
bent or curved backwards
2.
(phonetics) of, relating to, or involving retroflexion
Word Origin
C18: from Latin retrōflexus, from retrōflectere, from retro- + flectere to bend
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for retro-flex

retroflex

adj.

1776, from Modern Latin retroflexus, past participle of retroflectere "to bend back," from retro (see retro-) + flectere "to bend" (see flexible). The verb (1898) is a back-formation from retroflexed (1806), from the adjective.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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