rheumatoid arthritis

noun Pathology.
a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the joints, frequently accompanied by marked deformities, and ordinarily associated with manifestations of a general, or systemic, affliction.

Origin:
1855–60

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Collins
World English Dictionary
rheumatoid arthritis
 
n
a chronic disease of the musculoskeletal system, characterized by inflammation and swelling of joints (esp joints in the hands, wrists, knees, and feet), muscle weakness, and fatigue

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

rheumatoid arthritis n.
A chronic and progressive systemic disease, especially common in women, characterized by stiffness and inflammation of the joints and sometimes leading to deformity and disability. Also called arthritis deformans.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
rheumatoid arthritis   (r'mə-toid')  Pronunciation Key 
A chronic autoimmune disease characterized by progressive arthritis of several small or medium-sized joints, especially in the hands. Symptoms can include morning stiffness, joint swelling and weakness, and deformity and disability.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Cortisone is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and physostigmine to treat
  glaucoma.
But sometimes rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, or another malady strikes one twin
  and not the other.
The third study held implications not only for heart disease but possibly for
  such ailments as rheumatoid arthritis and asthma.
Too many rheumatoid arthritis patients inactive, study finds.
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